AP US Government : Federal Election Proceedings

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP US Government

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

← Previous 1 3

Example Question #1 : Federal Election Proceedings

In the 1992 elections, the membership of Congress was dramatically altered by an increase in the number of __________.

Possible Answers:

women and minorities

liberal Republicans

conservative Democrats

independents and environmentalists

moderate Republicans

Correct answer:

women and minorities

Explanation:

In the 1992 Presidential elections, Bill Clinton defeated incumbent Republican President George Bush. The election is considered a partial realignment election because the West coast and upper Midwest both became reliable Democratic states in elections from this point forward. The primary consequence to Congress membership was the increase of representatives who were either minorities or women.

Example Question #1 : Federal Election Proceedings

Which of these concerns primarily determines the person a Presidential candidate chooses as his Vice-Presidential running mate?

Possible Answers:

choosing a candidate devoted to the party and who is exceedingly loyal

appealing to the staunchest supporters of the Presidential candidate’s party base

appealing to young people

balancing the ticket and appealing to a wider spectrum of voters

finding an individual who has a great deal of experience in Congress

Correct answer:

balancing the ticket and appealing to a wider spectrum of voters

Explanation:

When Presidential candidates select a running-mate, they are highly likely to emphasize picking someone who balances the ticket and will appeal to a wider spectrum of voters. So, a highly liberal Democratic candidate might pick a running-mate who is extremely well-regarded by Conservatives and falls close to the middle of the political spectrum. They also may be often be seen as more superficial choices. Recent classic examples of superficial running-mate choices include President Obama and Joe Biden (young and black; old and white) and John McCain and Sarah Palin (old and male; young and female).

Example Question #2 : Federal Election Proceedings

The number of members of the Electoral College is determined by

Possible Answers:

previous presidential election results.

the number of members of Congress plus three electors representing the District of Columbia.

the number of members of Congress.

the full population of the United States.

an equal number of electors for each state.

Correct answer:

the number of members of Congress plus three electors representing the District of Columbia.

Explanation:

The Electoral College currently has 538 members, one for each member of Congress (Senators and Representatives), as well as three electors representing the District of Columbia. The Electoral College is not specifically mentioned in the Constitution, but instead the Constitution simply mentions that the President will be chosen by electors "apportioned by State legislatures." However, the Electoral College has been largely present in its present form since the eighteenth century, with the three DC electors being added by the Twenty Third Amendment (1961).

Example Question #2 : Federal Election Proceedings

The Australian Ballot was primarily established to ____________.

Possible Answers:

increase the number of women voting

reduce the impact of bribery and intimidation by ensuring voter privacy

simplify the voting process by highlighting with which party a candidate was affiliated

prevent African Americans in the South from voting during the Reconstruction Era

encourage a higher political turnout among the poor and working class

Correct answer:

reduce the impact of bribery and intimidation by ensuring voter privacy

Explanation:

The Australian Ballot, also called the Secret Ballot and the Massachusetts Ballot, was introduced in the last decade of the nineteenth century. The primary intention of the Australian Ballot was to ensure voter privacy by making the voter choices secret. This was done to reduce the impact of bribery and intimidation that had so affected the election of 1884.

Example Question #3 : Federal Election Proceedings

Who was the last President to get elected without winning the popular vote?

Possible Answers:

George W. Bush in 2000

George W. Bush in 2004

Barack Obama in 2008

Bill Clinton in 1992

Barack Obama in 2012

Correct answer:

George W. Bush in 2000

Explanation:

In recent years, Presidential elections have been extremely tightly contested by the count of the popular vote. In the last three elections, the winning candidate has been able to carry at least fifty-percent of the popular vote, giving him the majority; in 1992 Bill Clinton won the election with less than forty-five percent of the popular vote because he won the plurality—the most of any one candidate—and won in the electoral college; however, in his first election in 2000, George W. Bush won neither the majority nor the plurality of the popular vote, narrowly losing out to Democrat candidate Al Gore. President Bush carried thirty states to Gore’s twenty and won the electoral college by five points.

Example Question #4 : Federal Election Proceedings

How does a soft-money campaign contribution differ from a hard money campaign contribution?

Possible Answers:

Hard money is illegal in contemporary times, whereas soft money remains legal.

Hard money is given to the party, whereas soft money is given directly to the candidate.

Hard money is approved only for the purposes of campaign logistics, whereas soft money can be used for any purpose.

Hard money is given directly to the candidate, whereas soft money is given to the party.

Hard money is generally considered equivalent to a bribe, whereas soft money is more like a donation.

Correct answer:

Hard money is given directly to the candidate, whereas soft money is given to the party.

Explanation:

Hard money is money given by a donor or source directly to a candidate to fund his or her campaign. Soft money is money that is given instead to the party to indirectly fund the campaign of one or more people. Soft money is now, by and large, illegal.

Example Question #86 : Political Parties And Elections

Which two states do not employ a winner-takes-all approach to their representation in presidential elections?

Possible Answers:

Maine and California

Nebraska and Maine

Wyoming and Tennessee

Texas and Nebraska

Texas and California

Correct answer:

Nebraska and Maine

Explanation:

The vast majority of American states, forty-eight out of fifty, allocate all of their votes to the candidate who wins the popular vote in their state during a Presidential election. The only two exceptions are Nebraska and Maine, which allocate their votes proportionally based on the percentage of the popular vote distributed among the various candidates.

Example Question #5 : Federal Election Proceedings

Which of these is a contemporary swing state?

Possible Answers:

Idaho

New York

California

Wisconsin

Ohio

Correct answer:

Ohio

Explanation:

A swing state is a state that does not consistently vote for either the Democrats or the Republicans; as such, the way a swing state votes has inflated its influence on the outcome of Presidential election campaigns. Notable swing states at the moment include Ohio, Florida, and Pennsylvania.

Example Question #6 : Federal Election Proceedings

In a closed primary, __________.

Possible Answers:

the incumbent is automatically reelected

party members and independent voters may vote

the representative is decided by officials within the party

only party members may vote

voting is extended to all eligible voters

Correct answer:

only party members may vote

Explanation:

A closed primary, as opposed to an open primary, is defined as a primary election in which only those voters who have registered with the party prior to election day may vote in the election. Semi-closed primaries allow both registered voters and independent voters to vote in primary elections.

Example Question #8 : Federal Election Proceedings

The President of the United States is elected through an institution called the Electoral College. The amount of votes in the Electoral College correspond to all of the following, except __________.

Possible Answers:

Registered voters

Senators

None of the other answers is correct.

Electors from the District of Columbia

House of Representatives

Correct answer:

Registered voters

Explanation:

The amount of votes in the Electoral College correspond to the  members of the House of Representatives, the  Senators, and the  electors from the District of Columbia. The votes do not correspond to an amount of registered voters.

← Previous 1 3
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: