AP Spanish : Subjunctive / Subjuntivo

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Spanish

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Subjunctive / Subjuntivo

Fill in the blank with the correct answer.

No vengo a menos que __________ ellos. 

Possible Answers:

vienen

vendrían

vengan

venir

vinieron 

Correct answer:

vengan

Explanation:

"a menos que" is an adverbial subjunctive clause that takes the subjunctive and not the indicative. Knowing this we may identify the correct form of the verb as "vengan," the 3rd person plural present sunjunctive. 

Example Question #2 : Subjunctive / Subjuntivo

Is there a grammatical error in this sentence?

Es increíble que hace algo tan malo.

Possible Answers:

The sentence is correct.

Hace should be in its subjunctive form, haga.

The adjective malo is in the wrong gender.

Es should be in its subjunctive form, sea.

Correct answer:

Hace should be in its subjunctive form, haga.

Explanation:

This is a classic impersonal statement expressing doubt or opinion, meaning that the verb following the impersonal statement, hace, should be in its subjunctive form, haga.

Example Question #3 : Subjunctive / Subjuntivo

Which verb best completes the sentence?

Puedes descansarte cuando __________ al hotel, pero ahora tenemos que andar.

Possible Answers:

llegar

llegabamos

lleguemos

llegando

Correct answer:

lleguemos

Explanation:

The present subjunctive form is necessary here, as we have not yet arrived; thus there is still doubt over when, or if, we will. 

Example Question #4 : Subjunctive / Subjuntivo

What kind of grammatical error appears in this sentence?

Es mejor que completas la tarea ahora.

Possible Answers:

The first verb is in the wrong person.

The second verb is in the wrong mood.

The second verb is in the wrong tense.

Nothing is wrong with the sentence.

Correct answer:

The second verb is in the wrong mood.

Explanation:

Impersonal statements require verbs to be in the subjunctive mood. The sentence's second verb "completas" (from completar) is in the indicative mood, making it incorrect. To correct the sentence, one would need to replace "completas" with "completes," the second-person present subjunctive form of the verb completar.

English translation: "It would be better if you were to complete your homework now."

Example Question #5 : Subjunctive / Subjuntivo

Which verb form is grammatically correct?

Es increíble que una persona tan perezosa __________ tener tanto éxito.

Possible Answers:

pueda

None of the other answers are correct.

puedo

podía

Correct answer:

pueda

Explanation:

An impersonal statement, such as this one, may be completed by the subjunctive mood. All other options are incorrect either in mood, tense, or number.

English translation: "It is incredible that such a lazy person could be so successful."

Example Question #6 : Subjunctive / Subjuntivo

What is grammatically incorrect in the following sentence?

Es importante que todos los estudiantes estudian este fin de semana.

Possible Answers:

The agreement of the possessive adjective with the noun

The mood used in the subordinate clause

The agreement between the subject and verb

All of the above are incorrect.

Correct answer:

The mood used in the subordinate clause

Explanation:

The conjugation of “estudiar” in the subordinate clause is incorrect because the main clause triggers the use of the present subjunctive mood; therefore, the correct form should be "estudien."

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