All AP Physics C Electricity Resources
Example Question #1 : Understanding Flux
A uniform magnetic field is created in a region in space, as represented by the grey arrows in the diagram below. Four circular loops A, B, C, and D are placed in the magnetic field. The planes of loops A and B are oriented perpendicularly to the direction of the field; the planes of loops C and D are oriented parallel to the field.
Loops A and C are the same size, with radius . Loops B and D are the same size, with radius . Note that .
Which of the statements below is true about the values of magnetic flux through the loops due to the magnetic field?
Magnetic flux is a measure of the amount of magnetic field passing through a given area and is given by the equation:
The magnetic field is constant for this problem, and the areas are all circular loops. As such, the vector product integral simplifies to:
The angle theta is the angle between a vector normal to the surface of the area and the given magnetic field.
For loops C and D, theta is 90 degrees, so the magnetic flux for both of these loops is equal to zero.
For loops A and B, the angle theta is 0 degrees, so the magnetic flux for both of these loops is nonzero and proportional to the area of each loop. Therefore, the flux for loop B is larger than that for loop A because loop B has the larger radius.