AP Latin : Perspectives of Roman Culture in Vergil

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Latin

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Perspectives Of Roman Culture In Vergil

Sic pater Anchises, atque haec mirantibus addit:
'aspice, ut insignis spoliis Marcellus opimis               
ingreditur victorque viros supereminet omnis.
hic rem Romanam magno turbante tumultu
sistet eques, sternet Poenos Gallumque rebellem,          5
tertiaque arma patri suspendet capta Quirino.'
atque hic Aeneas (una namque ire videbat               
egregium forma iuvenem et fulgentibus armis,
sed frons laeta parum et deiecto lumina vultu)
'quis, pater, ille, virum qui sic comitatur euntem?           10
filius, anne aliquis magna de stirpe nepotum?
qui strepitus circa comitum! quantum instar in ipso!  

In line 4, the words "rem Romanam" refer to __________.

Possible Answers:

cities

Italy

war

the Senate

Correct answer:

the Senate

Explanation:

Whenever Romans use the phrase "Res Publica," "Res Romana," or any variant of this, it is in reference to their system of government that the Romans create—the Republic. The Senate is the defining characteristic of this system of government. This is the Roman thing that Vergil is referencing.

(Passage adapted from the Aeneid by Vergil, 6.854-865)

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