AP Latin : Influential People and Events in Caesar

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Latin

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Influential People And Events In Caesar

inter quas Phoenissa recens a vulnere Dido               
errabat silva in magna; quam Troius heros
ut primum iuxta stetit agnovitque per umbras
obscuram, qualem primo qui surgere mense
aut videt aut vidisse putat per nubila lunam,                   5
demisit lacrimas dulcique adfatus amore est:               
'infelix Dido, verus mihi nuntius ergo
venerat exstinctam ferroque extrema secutam?
funeris heu tibi causa fui? per sidera iuro,
per superos et si qua fides tellure sub ima est,               10
inuitus, regina, tuo de litore cessi.  

The words "Troius heros" (line 2) refers to __________.

Possible Answers:

Ascanius

Aeneas

Dido

the Trojans

Correct answer:

Aeneas

Explanation:

"Troius heros" is singular nominative, referring to one person in particular. The Trojan hero is the protagonist of this story, Aeneas.

(Passage adapted from the Aeneid by Vergil, 6.450-460)

Example Question #2 : Influential People And Events In Caesar

After being warned of an imminent attack by the Gauls, Caesar’s men debate whether to stay in their camp or attempt to join another unit.

1 Lucius Aurunculeius compluresque tribuni militum et primorum ordinum

2 centuriones nihil temere agendum neque ex hibernis iniussu Caesaris

3 discedendum existimabant: quantasvis [magnas] copias etiam Germanorum

4 sustineri posse munitis hibernis docebant: rem esse testimonio, quod

5 primum hostium impetum multis ultro vulneribus illatis fortissime 

6 sustinuerint: re frumentaria non premi; interea et ex proximis hibernis et a 

7 Caesare conventura subsidia: postremo quid esse levius aut turpius, quam

8 auctore hoste de summis rebus capere consilium?

What happens as a result of this debate?

Possible Answers:

The soldiers decide to leave the winter quarters.

Half of the soldiers defect to the enemy.

The soldiers cannot agree and a bloody fight ensues.

 

The soldiers decide to follow the plan outlined in the passage above.

Correct answer:

The soldiers decide to leave the winter quarters.

Explanation:

While the above action, to stay in the winter quarters and wait until help arrives, is the sensible option, the generals Sabinus and Cotta eventually decide to leave the camp. Tricked by the enemy, most of the men are killed in an ambush.

(Passage adapted from Gallic Wars, 5:28)

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