AP Human Geography : Variations Within Major Zones

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Variations Within Major Zones

In which of these countries is extensive farming most common?

Possible Answers:

The United Kingdom

Japan

India

The United States of America

France

Correct answer:

The United States of America

Explanation:

All of these countries are predominantly “intensive farming” countries, with the exception of the United States of America which is more of an extensive farming country. This is because most agricultural produce in the United States is grown on large swathes of land in relatively depopulated areas of the country, it also involves a great deal of machinery and requires relatively little human labor.

Example Question #2 : Variations Within Major Zones

Which of these is not true about pastoral nomadism?

Possible Answers:

It is adapted to dry climates

The Bedouins of Saudi Arabia are an example of pastoral nomads

It is a common form of agriculture, with about 150 million people practicing it in the world today

It is a form of subsistence agriculture

It is based on the herding of domesticated animals

Correct answer:

It is a common form of agriculture, with about 150 million people practicing it in the world today

Explanation:

Only about 15 million people are pastoral nomads, encompassing about 20% of the Earth's area.

Example Question #3 : Variations Within Major Zones

Some pastoral nomads practice transhumance. What is the best definition for transhumance?

Possible Answers:

The seasonal migration of livestock between mountainous land and lowland pasture areas

A ritualistic sacrifice that is said to bring good luck

The burning of pastures between crop rotations

An Eastern religion similar to Buddhism 

A remnant of transcendentalism

Correct answer:

The seasonal migration of livestock between mountainous land and lowland pasture areas

Explanation:

Transhumance is defined as the seasonal movement of livestock (herding) between mountains and lowland pastures. Typically, livestock is moved to the lowlands in the winters and to the highlands in the summers.

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