AP Human Geography : Urban Planning & Design

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Urban Planning & Design

Which of these men designed the modern Brazilian capital of Brasilia?

Possible Answers:

Oscar Niemeyer.

Frank Lloyd Wright

Edmund Bacon

Edward W. Soja

Daniel Burnham

Correct answer:

Oscar Niemeyer.

Explanation:

The Brazilian capital city “Brasilia” was designed by Oscar Niemeyer. Brasilia is a city designed in the style of modern architecture.

Example Question #1 : Urban Planning & Design

Urban environments inspired by postmodern architecture primarily differ from urban environments inspired by modern architecture in that __________.

Possible Answers:

they focus on economic efficiency and human convenience

they feature smaller neighborhoods and more wide-open spaces

None of these answers are accurate.

they incorporate more aesthetically pleasing buildings

they feature a greater emphasis on futuristic and industrious designs

Correct answer:

they incorporate more aesthetically pleasing buildings

Explanation:

Urban environments that are inspired by postmodern architecture tend to incorporate more aesthetically pleasing buildings than those inspired by modern architecture. Postmodern architecture decries the modern architectural emphasis on efficiency and industry; instead postmodern architecture tries to design buildings that are visually pleasing to human beings and provide modern humans with a link to their past.

Example Question #3 : Urban Planning & Design

The American City Beautiful movement emerged from the __________  nineteenth-century Europe.

Possible Answers:

Impressionist movement in

Urban Expansion movement of

Transcendental movement of

Beaux arts movement in

Baroque style of

Correct answer:

Beaux arts movement in

Explanation:

The American City Beautiful movement emerged from the “Beaux arts movement” of nineteenth-century Europe. The “Beaux arts movement” emphasized wide-open spaces and national monuments and was particularly influential in Paris. The American City Beautiful movement was an American adaptation of this European ideal.

Example Question #4 : Urban Planning & Design

Which of these European capitals is often referred to as the quintessential European-style “Medieval city?”

Possible Answers:

Paris

Prague

Athens

Madrid

Berlin

Correct answer:

Prague

Explanation:

Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, is a city that very much fits the style of the prototypical Medieval city. It has ornate cathedrals and lavish churches, narrow and winding streets, imposing buildings and architecture, and remnants of defensive fortifications. In terms of it's urban planning and it's aesthetic design features Prague perfectly fits the mould of a European Medieval city.

Example Question #2 : Urban Planning & Design

The area in which an individual moves about within a city in any given day is known as that individual’s __________.

Possible Answers:

zone of control

movement zone

travel shape

area of contact

action space

Correct answer:

action space

Explanation:

An “action space” is the area of a city in which an individual, or a group of individuals, move about within any given day. In a large city this might include where the individual lives, where they work, where they stop to pick up coffee, the subway station they take to get home, and so on.

Example Question #8 : Social Spaces

Which of the following is best described as an urban planning movement that emerged in opposition to suburbanization?

Possible Answers:

Postmodernism

Modernism

Futurism

Re-urbanism

New urbanism

Correct answer:

New urbanism

Explanation:

The urban planning movement “new urbanism” emerged in the late twentieth century in opposition to the negative effects of suburbanization on human interaction and the environment. Proponents of “new urbanism” contend that suburbanization causes humans to be too dependent on their cars and that it creates a society with loose community bonds.

Example Question #9 : Social Spaces

Following a fire in the nineteenth century, which of these American cities was completely redesigned in the style of the American City Beautiful movement?

Possible Answers:

Los Angeles

Baltimore

New York City

San Francisco

Chicago

Correct answer:

Chicago

Explanation:

The Great Chicago Fire took place in 1871 and destroyed a large portion of the city. The city was rebuilt in the image of the American City Beautiful movement.

Example Question #3 : Urban Planning & Design

The urban planning movement “new urbanism” is primarily concerned with __________.

Possible Answers:

emphasizing efficiency and patriotism

promoting community development and sustainability

adapting classical styles of architecture

encouraging suburbanization

incorporating aesthetically-pleasing architectural forms

Correct answer:

promoting community development and sustainability

Explanation:

The urban planning movement “new urbanism” seeks to discourage surbanization. “New urbanism” seeks to encourage local community development and sustainable growth in an urban area. Advocates of “new urbanism” would argue for greater accessibility for pedestrians in cities and a reduced dependency on cars and highways.

Example Question #4 : Urban Planning & Design

Kevin Lynch’s Image of the City was primarily concerned with __________.

Possible Answers:

how to determine the environmental impact of urban sprawl

the individual’s mental understanding of the city they live in

the negative consequences of gentrification and blockbusting

the relationship between cities of various sizes to one another

the relationship between various districts of a city to one another

Correct answer:

the individual’s mental understanding of the city they live in

Explanation:

Kevin Lynch wrote his seminal work Image of the City in the late 1950s based on a series of studies he conducted on Boston, Jersey City, and Los Angeles. The book is primarily concerned with how an individual creates a mental perception of the city they live in and what factors individuals consider when rating how happy, comfortable, and safe they feel in a city.

Example Question #5 : Urban Planning & Design

Which of these is not a feature of a city whose design was inspired by the “Beaux arts movement?”

Possible Answers:

Expansive recreational areas

Prominent national monuments

Wide open streets and avenues

All of these are features of a city inspired by the “Beaux arts movement.”

None of these are features of a city inspired by the “Beaux arts movement.”

Correct answer:

All of these are features of a city inspired by the “Beaux arts movement.”

Explanation:

The “Beaux arts movement” was prominent in European urban architecture in the nineteenth century. Particularly in Paris, and other cities greatly influenced by French culture. A city whose design was inspired by this movement would feature expansive recreational areas, prominent national monuments, and wide-open streets and avenues.

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