AP Human Geography : Sustainable Development

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Sustainable Development

Attempts to marry environmental and social welfare concerns with economic interests fall under the category of ____________.

Possible Answers:

socialism

the welfare state

sustainable development

agglomeration

eco-development

Correct answer:

sustainable development

Explanation:

The term “sustainable development” is used to describe attempts to marry environmental and social welfare concerns with economic interests. The primary principle behind it is that rampant pursuit of economic gain, without consideration of the environment and social welfare, is overall detrimental to the planet and to human society. Proponents of sustainable development contend that economic pursuits should be tempered by other considerations.

Example Question #2 : Contemporary Patterns Of Industrialization & Development

Which of these countries has become famous for ecotourism?

Possible Answers:

Switzerland

Costa Rica

Uganda

Canada

Saudi Arabia

Correct answer:

Costa Rica

Explanation:

“Ecotourism” is a facet of sustainable development that is particularly popular in Costa Rica. The goal of ecotourism is to direct tourists towards threatened and endangered natural regions so as to raise awareness of environmental concerns at the same time as making a profit.

Example Question #3 : Contemporary Patterns Of Industrialization & Development

__________ is/are affected by environmental laws, labor availability, and access to markets.

Possible Answers:

GDP

Property tax rates

None of these

Manufacturing locations

All of these

Correct answer:

Manufacturing locations

Explanation:

Of the following choices, manufacturing locations is affected by environmental laws (it may not be eco-friendly to manufacture products in certain areas), labor availability (a product should be manufactured in an area where labor is plentiful), and access to markets (a product should be manufactured in an area where it can be marketed and compete with other similar products). GDP and property tax rates are not necessarily impacted by all three factors.

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