AP Human Geography : Second Agricultural Revolution

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Second Agricultural Revolution

Where did the Second Agricultural Revolution first take place?

Possible Answers:

France

England

China

Russia

India

Correct answer:

England

Explanation:

The Second Agricultural Revolution, also known as the British Agricultural Revolution, took place first in England in the seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. From there it spread to Europe, North America, and around the world. It  involved the introduction of new crop rotation techniques and selective breeding of livestock, and led to a marked increase in agricultural production. It was a necessary prerequisite to the Industrial Revolution and the massive population growth of the last few centuries.

Example Question #2 : Second Agricultural Revolution

Who invented the mechanized reaper?

Possible Answers:

Thomas Edison

Robert Fulton

Eli Whitney

Henry Cavendish

Cyrus McCormick

Correct answer:

Cyrus McCormick

Explanation:

The mechanized reaper was invented in the 1830s by Cyrus McCormick. It quickly spread around the United States and was instrumental the growth of commercial farming in the plains of the central United States. To provide clarification, a “reaper” is a tool used by farmers to cut and gather crops.

Example Question #3 : Second Agricultural Revolution

All of the following were effects of the Second Agriculture Revolution except __________.

Possible Answers:

increase in subsistence farming

diffusion of crops

increased availability of labor for factories

greater agricultural production

Correct answer:

increase in subsistence farming

Explanation:

The Second Agricultural Revolution's increased agricultural yields allowed a shift away from subsistence farming, leading to a decrease in subsistence farming rather than an increase.

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