AP Human Geography : Religion

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

← Previous 1 3 4 5 6

Example Question #38 : Cultural Differences & Regional Patterns

The adherents of which religion live primarily in Japan, where it was formerly the official state religion?

Possible Answers:

Confucianism

Shinto

Sikhism

Buddhism

Taoism

Correct answer:

Shinto

Explanation:

The adherents of Shinto reside primarily in Japan, where the religion was formerly the state religion. The citizens of Japan currently have full religious freedom guaranteed by the Constitution of Japan.

Example Question #39 : Cultural Differences & Regional Patterns

The key religious divide between Scotland and England historically was __________.

Possible Answers:

that Scotland was entirely Catholic, while England was entirely Anglican

that Scotland was largely Presbyterian, while England was largely Anglican

that Scotland was largely Lutheran, while England was largely Presbyterian

that Scotland was largely irreligious, while England was largely Catholic

that Scotland was mostly Presbyterian, while England was mostly Scottish

Correct answer:

that Scotland was largely Presbyterian, while England was largely Anglican

Explanation:

During the sixteenth century, both England and Scotland fell under the sway of the Protestant Reformation, although in two entirely different forms. England had many ups and downs, resulting in the distinct form of Protestantism known as Anglicanism, while Scotland developed the Calvinist-based Presbyterianism. Both countries would have pockets of Catholics for centuries, and both nations have seen a rising tide of secularism and reduced religious participation since the twentieth century.

Example Question #552 : Ap Human Geography

What is the primary religion of Central and South America?

Possible Answers:

Islam

Protestantism

Indigenous

Catholicism

Judaism

Correct answer:

Catholicism

Explanation:

The predominant religion in Central and South America is Catholicism. This area of the world was colonized primarily by Spain, a Catholic country; therefore, these areas of the world account for 483 million people, or 41.3% of all Catholics.

Example Question #3 : Religion

Which of the following religions is most prevalent in the US state of Utah?

Possible Answers:

Catholicism

Lutheranism

Baptist

Mormonism

Methodist

Correct answer:

Mormonism

Explanation:

Mormons make up 55% of the population of Utah. This is the most out of any state in the United States. The other religions, while found in minorities in Utah, are not the majority.

Example Question #4 : Religion

Catholicism is most uniformly followed in __________.

Possible Answers:

North Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa

Eastern Europe

South America

Western Europe

Correct answer:

South America

Explanation:

Although all of these religions are predominantly Christian, most of them are either majority Protestantism, Eastern Orthodoxy, or else have do not have a uniform distribution of any of these denominations of Christianity. South America, on the other hand, was settled by the Catholic empires of Spain and Portugal, and Catholicism continues to be adhered to by the vast majority of the population to this day.

Example Question #1 : Religion

Buddhism first emerged in which of the following regions?

Possible Answers:

Southeast Asia

Western China

Tibet

Northern India

Eastern China

Correct answer:

Northern India

Explanation:

In the sixth century B.C.E., Buddhism emerged in the part of the world that comprises modern-day Northern India. The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautama. He was born in modern-day Nepal; however, he lived much of his life in Northern India.

Example Question #5 : Religion

In which of these regions of the world is Animism most likely to be practiced?

I. South America

II. Sub-Saharan Africa

III. Eastern Europe

IV. South Asia

V. North America

 

Possible Answers:

II, III, and IV

II only

I, II, and V

II, IV, and V

I and V

Correct answer:

I, II, and V

Explanation:

Animism is the belief that nonhuman elements of the world have a spiritual essence, sometimes even that they have a soul - this can be anything from animals, plants, rocks, rivers, clouds, and so on. As a religious belief it has ancient origins throughout much of the world. But, it is only practiced in any real significant numbers in modern times in indigenous communities in North America, South America, and Sub-Saharan Africa. It is also practiced by some Pacific Island peoples.

Example Question #2 : Religion

The highest state of existence, and the ultimate reality of the universe, is known in Hinduism as __________.

Possible Answers:

Kapila

Bharata

Kali

Brahman

Ahimsa

Correct answer:

Brahman

Explanation:

“Brahman” is the name given to the highest state of existence, the ultimate reality of the universe, in Hinduism. As a concept it can be quite hard to grasp, particularly for those unfamiliar with the Hindu faith and culture in general, but it is enough to understand that it is related to the Hindu concept of eternal salvation that can be attained through several lifetimes of good karma and virtuous living.

Example Question #3 : Religion

Which of these is not a significant branch of Protestantism in the United States?

Possible Answers:

Lutheran

These are all branches of Protestantism that exist in substantial numbers in the United States.

Episcopalian

Methodist

Presbyterian

Correct answer:

These are all branches of Protestantism that exist in substantial numbers in the United States.

Explanation:

All of these branches of Protestantism exist in the United States in significant numbers. Many of them are practiced more frequently in certain areas of America than they are in other areas, but for the most part almost all large communities in America will have churches that belong to one of these denominations (another major branch is Baptist, which exists largely in the South). Most of these religions, with the exception of Lutheranism, which traces its roots to Germany, come from the British Isles and were brought over to America in various waves of religious settlement and colonialism.

Example Question #8 : Religion

Which of these religions is based, in part, on the belief that suffering emerges from our attachment to life and that all suffering can eventually be overcome?

Possible Answers:

Shinto

Sikhism

Hinduism

Buddhism

Islam

Correct answer:

Buddhism

Explanation:

The idea that human suffering emerges from our attachment to life, to life’s pleasures and pains, and that all suffering can eventually be overcome through a series of steps is central to the Buddhist faith. Translation and oversimplification have led to the common misunderstanding that Buddhism teaches that life itself consists only of suffering, but in reality the teachings are far more complex and nuanced. It is far from true that Buddhism holds that all of life is suffering, rather the fundamental aspects of desire, imperfection, and ephemerality lead to "suffering" or spiritual angst. the teachings of Buddhism focus in large part on transcending this suffering through an acceptance of their necessity in any long and fundamentally enriching spiritual journey.

← Previous 1 3 4 5 6
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: