AP Human Geography : Refugees & Asylum Seekers

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

Example Question #41 : Migration

Which of the following is not an example of a political refugee?

Possible Answers:

A woman fleeing a forced marriage to an undesirous or unacceptable partner in her native country

A family escaping required military service for their children in their native country

A person who comes to a new country because her religious beliefs are outlawed in her native country

A political leader leaving a country when his political opposition takes control of the government

A student studying a subject in a foreign country because its education system is superior to his native land

Correct answer:

A student studying a subject in a foreign country because its education system is superior to his native land

Explanation:

A political refugee does not have to be strictly a person whose individual politics are no longer welcome in their native country. Instead, anyone who flees a negative or harmful political situation can be considered a political refugee; however, a student seeking a better education is not likely a political refugee, and is in fact likely to return to his or her native country once he or she has completed his or her education.

Example Question #1 : Refugees & Asylum Seekers

Between 1970 and 2000, the number of refugees worldwide increased by about what multiple?

Possible Answers:

2

The number of refugees did not increase during this time period.

8

6

4

Correct answer:

8

Explanation:

In 1970, there were reported to be 2.9 million refugees worldwide.  In 2000, that number was reported to have increased to 24 million.  Thus, the number of refugees increased by a multiple of about 8.

Example Question #2 : Refugees & Asylum Seekers

Which of these countries is not a major source of refugees?

Possible Answers:

Iraq

These are all major sources of refugees.

Somalia

Syria

Sri Lanka

Correct answer:

These are all major sources of refugees.

Explanation:

Refugees are defined as people who are being forced to leave their traditional lands due to persecution or material hardship within their society. Common causes of major refugee movements are natural disasters, warfare (particularly civil war), and political alienation or persecution. All of these countries listed are major sources of refugees because they are engaged in civil and international wars or because their governments' track records on civil rights are suspect.

Example Question #3 : Refugees & Asylum Seekers

A group of people dispersed from their original homeland into different societies around the world is referred to as a(n) __________.

Possible Answers:

ghetto

non-assimilated culture

acculturated group

diaspora

dispersed culture

Correct answer:

diaspora

Explanation:

A “diaspora” is the name given to a community of people who are dispersed throughout the world, but retain their cultural, religious, or ethnic differences. The term is most commonly applied to Jewish people and to African-Americans in the United States.

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