AP Human Geography : Push & Pull Factors

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #33 : Migration

A small community of agricultural workers on the Indian subcontinent migrates to various parts of the country to find work in different seasons. This type of migration is most accurately and specifically called __________.

Possible Answers:

step migration

chain migration

voluntary migration

cyclical migration

forced migration

Correct answer:

cyclical migration

Explanation:

The process of moving around to find work in various seasons is referred to as “cyclical migration.” It is common amongst the rural poor in many parts of the world who have to move around to meet the labor demands of various products that can only be harvested in certain seasons.

Example Question #33 : Population & Migration

Which of these is not an example of a “push factor”?

Possible Answers:

Civil war

Job placement

Natural disasters

Political revolution

Economic stagnation

Correct answer:

Job placement

Explanation:

A “push factor” is something that encourages an individual to migrate away from a certain place. Natural disasters, political revolutions, civil war, and economic stagnation are all reasons why people might want to migrate away from a certain area. Job placement, however, is an example of a “pull factor,” something that makes an individual want to migrate to a certain area.

Example Question #34 : Population & Migration

In geographic terminology a “pull factor” is something that __________.

Possible Answers:

encourages individuals to leave a certain place

encourages individuals to stay in a certain place

deters individuals from migrating to a certain place

None of the other answers is correct

attracts individuals to migrate to a certain place

Correct answer:

attracts individuals to migrate to a certain place

Explanation:

In geographic terminology, when discussing migration you will often hear “push and pull factors.” A “push-factor” is something that encourages an individual to leave, or emigrate from, a certain place. A “pull-factor” is something that attracts individuals to migrate to a certain place.

Example Question #35 : Population & Migration

Which of these pull factors is most likely to encourage voluntary migration?

Possible Answers:

Cultural affiliation

Political freedom

None of the other answer choices is correct

Economic opportunity, political freedom, and cultural affiliation are equally likely to encourage voluntary migration.

Economic opportunity

Correct answer:

Economic opportunity

Explanation:

Voluntary migration is migration that is undertaken willingly by the group or individual involved. People are significantly more likely to undertake voluntary migration for economic opportunity than any other reason. Political freedom and cultural affiliation are more likely to be pull factors for refugees and victims of civil conflict who are undergoing forced migration.

Example Question #36 : Population & Migration

In geographic terminology a “push factor” is something that __________.

Possible Answers:

deters individuals from migrating to a certain place

attracts individuals to migrate to a certain place

encourages individuals to migrate away from a certain place

None of these answers is correct

encourages individuals to stay in a certain place

Correct answer:

encourages individuals to migrate away from a certain place

Explanation:

In geographic terminology you will often hear the term “push and pull factors.” A “pull factor” is something that attracts an individual to migrate to a certain place; it “pulls” the individual in. A “push factor” is something that encourages individuals to migrate away from a certain place; it “pushes” the individual away.

Example Question #37 : Population & Migration

Which of these is not an example of a “pull factor”?

Possible Answers:

Economic stagnation

Temperate weather

Job placement

Educational opportunity

Cultural attraction

Correct answer:

Economic stagnation

Explanation:

A “pull factor” is something that attracts an individual to migrate to a certain place. Educational opportunity, temperate weather, job placement, and cultural attraction are all reasons why someone might emigrate from one country to another, or one region to another; however, economic stagnation is a “push factor,” or something that encourages an individual to leave a certain place. To provide possible clarification, “economic stagnation” means the economy is not growing and job opportunities are scarce.

Example Question #35 : Migration

A young Indian man moves to New York City to attend university and after graduating he begins to save money to help pay for his other family members to immigrate to the United States. Within a few years his mother, father, five sisters, and two of his grandparents have taken up residence in Brooklyn. This process is known as a __________.

Possible Answers:

chain migration

eco-migration

forced migration

kin migration

family migration

Correct answer:

chain migration

Explanation:

A chain migration occurs when individuals from within a community follow the path of a previous group or individual within the community and emigrate to a new region. In this instance the young Indian man began the chain-reaction and soon enough nine other individuals had joined him. This is a common process in modern times and explains why many neighborhoods in big cities have concentrated populations of immigrants from other countries (Chinatown, Little Italy, etc.)

Example Question #8 : Push & Pull Factors

Which of the following is an example of a pull factor?

Possible Answers:

Poor medical care

Racial homogeneity

Expensive housing market

Booming job market

Natural disaster

Correct answer:

Booming job market

Explanation:

Pull factors are positive factors that attract people to new areas from other areas. A booming job market is a pull factor because many people seek jobs in order to provide for their family. 

Push factors are negative factors that deter people from their original locale. Poor medical care is a push factor because it could prevent people from effectively battling illnesses. 

Example Question #1 : Push & Pull Factors

Which of the following is not a push factor?

Possible Answers:

Scarce land

Pollution

Economic stability

Famine

Low healthcare ability

Correct answer:

Economic stability

Explanation:

Push factors are factors that encourage people to leave a region or country. These can vary from economic factors to daily lifestyle changes. 

Example Question #1 : Push & Pull Factors

The most important pull factor for the United States is __________.

Possible Answers:

political

cultural

pollution

economic

None of these

Correct answer:

economic

Explanation:

The USA has promising economic and educational pull factors. Many immigrants to the USA come to the country in hopes of starting a new life that is better financially than their last one. Pull factors are the good elements of a nation or region that draw immigrants to that location.

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