AP Human Geography : Nation-State

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Nation State

The modern concept of the nation-state was largely developed in __________.

Possible Answers:

the fifteenth century

the seventeenth century

the eighteenth century

the nineteenth century

the sixteenth century

Correct answer:

the seventeenth century

Explanation:

The "nation-state" refers to the modern notion of a sovereign nation, wherein a unified ethnic and linguistic group, a "nation," is essentially synonymous with a unified political power, a "state." The 1648 Peace of Westphalia, which ended the lengthy wars of religion in Western Europe and redrew political boundaries, is one of the key moments in establishing nation-states in a modern viewpoint. From that point forward, nationalism took on  the nation-state as a primary goal and motivating force.

Example Question #2 : Nation State

Which of these countries is the best example of a homogenous nation-state?

Possible Answers:

South Africa

India

Germany

United States

Japan

Correct answer:

Japan

Explanation:

A homogenous nation-state is a country with a population that is ethnically, racially, or religiously homogenous. 98% of Japan's population is ethnically Japanese, while the other countries listed are all multi-cultural states.

Example Question #3 : Nation State

The Kurds are an example of a(n) __________.

Possible Answers:

perforated state

unitary state

stateless nation

nation-state

microstate

Correct answer:

stateless nation

Explanation:

The Kurdish people inhabit territory in the Middle East that includes the territory of many independent states. The Kurdish land includes parts of Iraq, Syria, and Armenia, and the Kurdish people are often the majority in cities in this region. However, the Kurds do not have a state of their own and are therefore referred to as a “stateless nation.” A “stateless nation” is a nation of people who self-identify as a common national group, but who do not have their own political state. The Jewish people were once a famous “stateless nation” in history, until the creation of Israel in 1948.

Example Question #4 : Nation State

The recent independence movement in Scotland is an example of a nationality seeking __________.

Possible Answers:

self-aggrandizement

self-enfranchisement

self-emancipation

self-direction

self-determination

Correct answer:

self-determination

Explanation:

The concept of nationality can sometimes be nebulous, but within the United Kingdom, there are at least four nationalities: English, Scottish, Welsh, and Northern Irish. These four nations together make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. In the recent independence movement, many Scottish people were campaigning for an independent Scottish national state, completely separate from England and the rest of Britain. The Scots were seeking “self-determination,” the right to determine the political character and direction of their own nation.

Example Question #5 : Nation State

Irredentism is  __________.

Possible Answers:

a political movement intended to reunite a nation or reclaim a lost territory

the theory of the spread of capitalism around the world led by American and European economic imperialism

a political theory that states that the government should do what is best for the greatest proportion of its citizens

the belief that refugees have an inalienable right to claim asylum and the protection of another country’s government

None of the other answers is correct

Correct answer:

a political movement intended to reunite a nation or reclaim a lost territory

Explanation:

Irredentism is a political movement that is strongly tied to nationalism. It is a political movement that intends to reunite a nation or reclaim a lost territory. This was a particularly powerful force in European history from 1850 to 1945, during the height of European nationalist fervor.

Example Question #6 : Nation State

Argentina claims the Falkland Islands as part of its own territory. The Falkland Islands have been settled and occupied as part of the British Empire for almost two centuries. What name is used to describe Argentina’s desire to reclaim the Falkland Islands?

Possible Answers:

Constitutionalism

Utilitarianism

Irredentism

Self-determination

Totalitarianism

Correct answer:

Irredentism

Explanation:

The Falkland Islands (or Las Malvinas, as they are known in Argentina) are part of the dwindling remains of the British Empire. The islands are physically located a few hundred miles off the Argentinean coastline and are thus logically claimed by the Argentinian government. In the early 1980s, Argentina declared war on the United Kingdom in an attempt to “reclaim” the Falkland Islands. Any attempt to “reclaim lost territory for a nation” is known as “irredentism.”

Example Question #7 : Nation State

According to “Manifest Destiny,” __________.

Possible Answers:

the United States was destined to control North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific

the population of the Earth will eventually reach a point when the resources of the Earth are insufficient to sustain it

the continued amalgamation of smaller states into larger international unions will eventually cause states and nationalities to cease to exist

human civilization will grow continually more progressive and egalitarian

None of the other answers is correct

Correct answer:

the United States was destined to control North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific

Explanation:

“Manifest Destiny” was a prevailing American ideological myth throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It stated that the United States had an inevitable destiny to expand continually westward until it controled the whole of the continent from the Atlantic to the Pacific oceans.

Example Question #8 : Nation State

A country with more than one center of economic or political activity is referred to as a(n) __________.

Possible Answers:

exclave

multicore state

core-periphery

multinational state

Correct answer:

multicore state

Explanation:

A state with more than one center of activity is a multicore state, identifiable from the meaning of the word "multicore"- "multi" (many) and "core" (center).

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