AP Human Geography : Models of Agricultural Land Use

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Models Of Agricultural Land Use

Which of the following terms best describes the name given to a system of agriculture whereby a landowner allows an individual to work the land they own in exchange for a share of the crops?

Possible Answers:

Sharecropping

Ranching

Serfdom

Plantation

Agribusiness

Correct answer:

Sharecropping

Explanation:

“Sharecropping” refers to a system of agriculture whereby a landowner allows an individual or a family to rent a portion of land in exchange for a share of the crops they harvest. “Serfdom” and “plantation” may seem like correct choices; however, “serfdom” refers to the status of many peasants under feudalistic rules that were considered to be part of the land that they farmed. “Plantation” refers to a large piece of land used to commercially produce a single crop.

Example Question #2 : Models Of Agricultural Land Use

Which of the folloing terms is the name given to a piece of land that has been reclaimed from water using a system of dikes?

Possible Answers:

Kasbah

Polder

Irrigated

Terrace farm

Aquaculture

Correct answer:

Polder

Explanation:

A “polder” is a piece of farmland that has been reclaimed from water. They are usually from flooded plains, marshes, or—more recently—the sea. This is important for sustaining agricultural growth in regions of the world that are low-lying and easily flooded.

Example Question #3 : Models Of Agricultural Land Use

A small shack in which thousands of chickens are raised in cramped and inhumane conditions for the purposes of being slaughtered en masse is an example of a(n) __________.

Possible Answers:

aquaculture

biotechnology

free range farm

commodity

feedlot

Correct answer:

feedlot

Explanation:

A “feedlot” is a place where a large quantity of livestock is raised in extremely cramped and inhumane, but cost effective, conditions. The factory farms where chickens are often produced in the United States are examples of “feedlots.”

Example Question #4 : Models Of Agricultural Land Use

The primary purpose of crop rotation is to __________.

Possible Answers:

None of these answers are correct; crop rotation offers little benefit and has been disavowed in recent years.

preserve the mineral health of soil used in agriculture

explore different agricultural techniques to improve scientific understanding

ensure that a community has a sufficiently varied diet in order to encourage overall health and wellbeing

provide a competitive advantage over other farmers

Correct answer:

preserve the mineral health of soil used in agriculture

Explanation:

“Crop rotation” is a system developed during the Second Agricultural Revolution in order to preserve the mineral health of soil used in agriculture and prevents patches of land from being exhausted. The idea is that by growing different crops, in the same soil, in the different seasons the soil can be preserved for a much longer period of time than it otherwise might be. The reasons for this are numerous and complicated, but the simplest explanation is that different crops drain the soil of different minerals and, additionally, replenish the soil with different nutrients.

Example Question #5 : Models Of Agricultural Land Use

When is spring wheat traditionally harvested?

Possible Answers:

Early summer

Late summer

Early fall

Early spring

Late spring

Correct answer:

Late summer

Explanation:

“Spring wheat” is an extremely important collection of crops that provides a great deal of the nutrition that is consumed by the planet. “Spring wheat” is planted in early spring and usually harvested in the late summer. In the United States “spring wheat” is generally harvested between mid-August and late-September.

Example Question #6 : Models Of Agricultural Land Use

"Polders" are closely associated with which of these countries?

Possible Answers:

The Netherlands

Germany

Russia

The United Kingdom

Turkey

Correct answer:

The Netherlands

Explanation:

“Polders” have long been associated with the Netherlands. A “polder” is a piece of farming land that has been reclaimed from water, either from the sea or from flooded plains and marshes. It was particularly crucial in Dutch history due to the fact that the Netherlands is an extremely low-lying country with almost no elevated terrain above sea level.

Example Question #7 : Models Of Agricultural Land Use

When is winter wheat traditionally harvested?

Possible Answers:

Late fall

Late spring

Early winter

Early summer

Early fall

Correct answer:

Early summer

Explanation:

“Winter wheat” is a type of wheat crop that is planted in the late fall that stops growing during the winter before resuming growing in the spring. It is generally harvested in the early summer.

Example Question #7 : Models Of Agricultural Land Use

In the Von Thunen model, agricultural land usage is explained in relation to its __________.

Possible Answers:

cultural traditions regarding the environment

different terrain and climates

proximity to urban centers

political and economic systems

relative levels of industrialization

Correct answer:

proximity to urban centers

Explanation:

The Von Thunen model was first proposed by the geographer Johann von Thunen. It concerns how agricultural land usage varies in relation to the proximity of that land to urban centers. Specifically Von Thunen noted that crops that spoil easily or require expensive transportation were located close to urban centers, whereas crops that stayed fresh for a long time and required less expensive transportation were located further from urban centers.

Example Question #1 : Models Of Agricultural Land Use

Subsistence-farming primarily involves __________.

Possible Answers:

competitive farming on the open market, in which the primary goal of the farmer is to make a profit

direct government intervention in the supply and price of a product

indirect government intervention in the supply and price of a product

an individual family farming and producing enough food to support themselves

None of these answers are correct.

Correct answer:

an individual family farming and producing enough food to support themselves

Explanation:

“Subsistence-farming” is the name given to a specific type of agricultural production in which an individual farmer, or a family, produces enough food to support himself or herself. It is common in especially rural or poor areas throughout the world.

Example Question #53 : Rural Land Use & Settlement Patterns

Which branch of agriculture is closely associated with the growing of grapes and olives?

Possible Answers:

Plantation agriculture

Ranching

Mediterranean agriculture

Hydroponics

Aquaculture

Correct answer:

Mediterranean agriculture

Explanation:

The growing of crops like grapes and olives is closely associated with Mediterranean agriculture. A form of agriculture that practices in countries like Italy, Greece, and Spain on the Mediterranean and in regions of other countries such as Chile, Australia, the United States, and Argentina.

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