AP Human Geography : Megacities

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Megacities

Which of the following is the largest metropolitan area in the world in 2015?

Possible Answers:

New York

Sao Paulo

Tokyo

London

Mexico City

Correct answer:

Tokyo

Explanation:

In 2015, Tokyo is the world's largest metropolitan area, with a population of about 38 million people. None of the other options have more than 30 million people.

Example Question #21 : Development Of Cities

A century ago most of the world’s biggest cities were found __________; now most of the world’s biggest cities are found __________.

Possible Answers:

in the Americas . . . in Europe and Asia

in the developed world . . . in the developing world

in Europe . . . in the Americas

in the developing world . . . in the developed world

in the western world . . . in the Islamic world

Correct answer:

in the developed world . . . in the developing world

Explanation:

A century ago the world’s biggest cities were New York City, London, and Paris. They were the centers of the global population, however as the population of the developing world has skyrocketed in the last century so has the population of megacities in the developing world. In 2015 most of the world’s biggest cities can be found in India, China, and the African continent.

Example Question #22 : Development Of Cities

According to most contemporary estimates which of these cities was the most populous in the world at the beginning of the European colonial era (circa 1500 CE)?

Possible Answers:

Jerusalem

Paris

Xian

Mumbai

Tenochtitlan

Correct answer:

Tenochtitlan

Explanation:

The European colonial era begins with the voyage of Columbus in 1492. At this time the capital city of the Aztec Empire, called Tenochtitlan, was by most estimates the most populous city in the world. Loose estimates, which are all that are possible, place the population of Tenochtitlan at around 200,000 people.

Example Question #2 : Megacities

If current population trends continue, by 2025 almost all of the world’s most populous cities will be found in __________.

Possible Answers:

South America

North Africa

Asia

Western Europe

Sub-Saharan Africa

Correct answer:

Asia

Explanation:

If the current trend continues most of the world’s most populous cities will be found in Asia, specifically South and East Asia, in the year 2025. Cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Dhaka, and Guangzhou are growing at dramatic rates when compared to much of the rest of the world and will soon eclipse their western counterparts.

Example Question #24 : Development Of Cities

Which of these is not a characteristic feature of a megacity?

Possible Answers:

Rampant pollution

High rates of immigration

All of these are characteristic features of a megacity.

High population growth

Slum settlements

Correct answer:

All of these are characteristic features of a megacity.

Explanation:

A “megacity” is a city that has a very large, and growing, population. Megacities are typically found in the developing world. They are characterized by high natural population growth, as well as high rates of immigration. They generally suffer from extreme pollution and poverty and will usually feature widespread slum settlements to house the working masses.

Example Question #1 : Megacities

Megacities are mostly emerging in __________.

Possible Answers:

the Islamic world

the Americas

the developed world

the developing world

Western Europe and East Asia

Correct answer:

the developing world

Explanation:

The term “megacity” is used to describe a city that has an extremely large, and growing, population. In the previous half-century megacities have been emerging all over the developing world as the population of urban environments like Mumbai, Shanghai, Lagos, and Dhaka explodes.

Example Question #4 : Megacities

Which of the following is the is the most populous city in Asia?

Possible Answers:

Tokyo

Shanghai

Beijing

Bangkok

New Delhi

Correct answer:

Tokyo

Explanation:

According to most estimates Tokyo is not just the most populous city in Asia, it is the most populous city in the world. Almost thirty million people live in Tokyo.

Example Question #4 : Megacities

Which of these cities lies on the border between Europe and Asia?

Possible Answers:

Jerusalem

Cairo

Prague

Warsaw

Istanbul

Correct answer:

Istanbul

Explanation:

Istanbul, the capital city of Turkey, lies on the Bosphorus Strait, at the border between Europe and Asia. Due to its strategic location Istanbul has been of great significance for several centuries and has often been fought over between regional powers.

Example Question #2 : Megacities

Which of the following is a not megacity?

Possible Answers:

London

Jerusalem

Tokyo

Seoul

Shanghai

Correct answer:

Jerusalem

Explanation:

A "megacity" is an urban or metropolitan area which has a population over 10 million people. 

Here are the populations of the cities from this question: 

Tokyo: 37,900,000

Seoul: 26,100,000

Shanghai: 25,400,000

Jerusalem: 809,112

London: 8,540,000

Tokyo is currently the most populated city today. Jerusalem does not even reach 1 million so it can not be classified as a megacity. 

Example Question #6 : Megacities

Cities around the world have various sizes based on the population of the city. A Megacity is a city which has a population of over ten million people. Today there are 14 Megacities in the world.

Which of the following is NOT a Megacity?

Possible Answers:

Jakarta, Indonesia

New York, USA

Jerusalem, Israel

Tokyo, Japan

Paris, France

Correct answer:

Jerusalem, Israel

Explanation:

Jerusalem, Israel is not a Megacity. It only has a population of about 800,000. Though it is a very important city in the world, as it is often fought over and boasts a significant historic site of three of the major world religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam). It's population is not currently growing, probably due to violence and war as well as the religious focus of the city rather than economic growth.

Tokyo, Japan is a Megacity and is the most populated city in the world, boasting a population of 38 million.

New York, USA is a Megacity and was one of the first two Megacities in the world. The current population of New York is 23 million.

Jakarta, Indonesia is number 3 in the world in population rank, coming in behind Tokyo and Shanghai. Jakarta has a population of 31 million.

Paris, France is one of the smaller Megacities in the world, but nevertheless it is a Megacity. Paris has a population of 12 million.

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