AP Human Geography : Major Bioclimatic Zones

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Major Bioclimatic Zones

Goats, sheep, and camels all originated in __________.

Possible Answers:

Eastern Europe

Southeast Asia

North Africa

Western Europe

Southwest Asia

Correct answer:

Southwest Asia

Explanation:

Goats, sheep, and camels all originated in southwest Asia and are one part of the reason why many of the earliest agricultural societies and human civilizations arose in this part of the world. Throughout the history of civilization goats and sheep have been important for sustaining and clothing human populations, and camels have been vital to facilitating trade and long-distance travel.

Example Question #2 : Major Bioclimatic Zones

Most wheat and corn in the United States is produced in __________.

Possible Answers:

The West Coast

The Mid-Atlantic

The Northeast

The Deep South

The Great Plains

Correct answer:

The Great Plains

Explanation:

America is a very large and significant producer of wheat and corn. American wheat exports, for example, account for a quarter of the world’s supply of wheat. Wheat is a vital crop to maintaining the human population in its current numbers. Most of these important crops are grown in the “Great Plains” states such as Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, Oklahoma, and parts of Texas.

Example Question #3 : Major Agricultural Production Regions

In which of these regions did bananas originate?

Possible Answers:

North Africa

Eastern Europe

Southeast Asia

Sub-Saharan Africa

Central America

Correct answer:

Southeast Asia

Explanation:

Although now grown in tropical climates around the world, particularly in Central America, bananas originated in Southeast Asia. Bananas are one of the most widely consumed foods in the world and are a staple of diets in regions as diverse as the Andean mountains, the jungles of southeast Asia, and the urban areas of the developed world.

Example Question #3 : Major Bioclimatic Zones

In which of these continents could the Pampas be found?

Possible Answers:

Africa

North America

Europe

South America

Oceania

Correct answer:

South America

Explanation:

The “Pampas” is a region of South America encompassing most of Uruguay, the southernmost state of Brazil, and large swathes of Argentina. Its importance is derived from its great fertility. It is a lowland region that is highly suitable for large-scale agriculture.

Example Question #4 : Major Bioclimatic Zones

In which of these parts of the world did potatoes originate?

Possible Answers:

The rolling steppes of Central Asia

The Andean mountains of South America

The fertile plains of the Ganges in India

The Rocky mountains of the United States

The lowlands of northwest Europe

Correct answer:

The Andean mountains of South America

Explanation:

Potatoes first originated in the Andean mountain region of South America (a region that includes the modern-day countries of Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Chile, and Bolivia). They have long been a staple of the diet of people in this region, but in the 1500s they were brought back to Europe and became a staple of a diverse group of people’s diets around the world. Potatoes are uniquely malleable in terms of where and when they can be grown and have famously sustained whole nations in the past few hundred years.

Example Question #5 : Major Bioclimatic Zones

Which of these American states is best suited to tropical agriculture?

Possible Answers:

New Mexico

Alabama

California

Florida

Texas

Correct answer:

Florida

Explanation:

Florida is the only state in America that can be said to have a tropical climate. The climate and terrain of South Florida is so unique in the United States that it is traditionally classed as its own separate category of agriculture. Florida is best suited to the growing of tropical crops, such as oranges. Texas has a varied climate, split largely between subtropical and arid desert regions. California ranges all the way from hot desert to subarctic to Mediterranean, but never gets to tropical. New Mexico has a semi-arid to arid climate. Alabama has a humid subtropical climate.

Example Question #6 : Major Bioclimatic Zones

In which of these parts of the world did corn originate?

Possible Answers:

Eastern Europe

South America

Western Europe

The Middle East

Central America

Correct answer:

Central America

Explanation:

Corn first originated in Central America, in modern-day Mexico, roughly seven thousand years ago. From there it diffused northwards into modern-day United States, and then eventually around the world. Corn is a crop that is highly dependent on human intervention in order to survive and flourish.

Example Question #8 : Major Agricultural Production Regions

In which region of the world is sahwah most likely to be used?

Possible Answers:

North Africa

South America

Southeast Asia

Eastern Europe

Central America

Correct answer:

Southeast Asia

Explanation:

A “sahwah” is the term used to describe a “paddy field,” or an irrigated field used to grow rice. It is extremely common throughout East, South, and Southeast Asia.

Example Question #7 : Major Bioclimatic Zones

Pigs, chickens, water buffalo all originated in __________.

Possible Answers:

Western Europe

Southeast Asia

Eastern Europe

North Africa

Southwest Asia

Correct answer:

Southeast Asia

Explanation:

Pigs, chickens, and water buffalo all originated in Southeast Asia. Chickens and pigs have spread throughout the world and are today raised in a wide-variety of climates. Chicken is the most widely consumed meat in the world.

Example Question #8 : Major Bioclimatic Zones

Which of these statements is not true about the practice of double cropping?

Possible Answers:

It is relatively rare in India

It is common in places that have long winters

It is common in places that have warm winters

Wet rice is usually one of the crops grown

It involves obtaining two harvests from one field

Correct answer:

It is common in places that have long winters

Explanation:

Double cropping is not possible in places that have long winters because the growing season is shorter for the whole year.

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