AP Human Geography : Irrigation

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

Example Question #26 : Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use

Which of these terms is used to describe a man-made system whereby water is spread from its natural source over a much larger geographic range to aid in agricultural development?

Possible Answers:

Husbandry

Irrigation

Pastoralism

Desertification

Deforestation

Correct answer:

Irrigation

Explanation:

The term used to describe a man-made system whereby water is spread from its natural source (such as a lake or river) over a much larger geographic range to aid in agricultural production is “irrigation.” The invention of “irrigation” has been fundamental the growth of human societies by ensuring that a community can farm enough food to support an ever-growing population. It was first developed roughly six thousand years ago in China and Mesopotamia.  

Example Question #27 : Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use

What is a sawah?

Possible Answers:

A plantation owned by the government and worked by imported labor

An irrigated field used to grow rice

A process by which an arid area can be made fit for agricultural production

A mechanized tool used to facilitate the harvesting of crops in south Asia

None of these answers are correct.

Correct answer:

An irrigated field used to grow rice

Explanation:

A “sawah” is an irrigated, or flooded, field used to grow rice. Sawahs are commonly found in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Rice is instrumental to sustaining the massive population of east and south Asia and much of it is grown in flooded fields in countries like Vietnam, Thailand, and Indonesia.

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