AP Human Geography : Indentifying Major World Regions

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Indentifying Major World Regions

Which of the following regions is predominantly Arabic-speaking?

Possible Answers:

The Balkans

Southeast Asia

North Africa

The Indian Subcontinent

Central Asia

Correct answer:

North Africa

Explanation:

As its name suggests, the Arabian peninsula is the home region of the Arabic language, which was then spread by conquering armies along with the Islamic religion in the sixth through eigth centuries. While many Muslim nations kept their native tongues, across North Africa, the common Greek tongue spoken there was generally replaced by Arabic. Still to this day, from Morocco to Egypt, Northern Africa is part of the larger Arabic world.

Example Question #2 : Geography

Much of Russia’s mineral wealth, particularly petroleum, comes from __________.

Possible Answers:

Siberia

Manchuria

Irkutsk

Uzbekistan

Silesia

Correct answer:

Siberia

Explanation:

Siberia is the name given to the massive region of eastern and northern Russia. It is incredibly sparsely populated and mineral rich. It has long been a source of fur, timber, coal, and iron ore for Russian rulers and the Russian people, and in more recent decades has been one of the world’s leading producers of petroleum and natural gas.

Example Question #2 : Indentifying Major World Regions

Which of these countries is found in Western Europe?

Possible Answers:

Paraguay

Lebanon

Finland

Switzerland

Romania

Correct answer:

Switzerland

Explanation:

Switzerland is found in Western Europe. For much of human history Western Europe was a less developed region, in terms of human civilization. For several hundred years this changed with the emergence of the Roman Empire in modern-day Italy, but after the fall of the Roman Empire circa 500 C.E. the region returned to a place of relative insignificance. This all changed during the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution when philosophy, scientific inquiry, technological innovation, and personal liberty flourished in a way never previously seen in human history. This all begat the Industrial Revolution, which led to a European hegemony over the world. Today Western Europe continues to be of greater significance on the world stage than its population size and land size would logically suggest.

Example Question #4 : Geography

During the twentieth and twenty-first centuries which of these regions has been the industrial center of Europe?

Possible Answers:

The Danube River Valley

The Italian Peninsula

Northern England

The Ruhr Valley

Scandinavia

Correct answer:

The Ruhr Valley

Explanation:

The Ruhr Valley is found in western Germany, near the border with France. It is the industrial center of Europe and has been since the end of the nineteenth century (not including some interruptions due to the two devastating world wars of the twentieth century). For much of the nineteenth century Northern England was the center of European industry, but the production of the Ruhr Valley overtook that of Northern England around the 1890s.

Example Question #5 : Geography

Which of these countries is found in South-West Asia?

Possible Answers:

Mongolia

Syria

Albania

South Korea

Thailand

Correct answer:

Syria

Explanation:

Syria is found in South-West Asia. South-West Asia has often served as a relatively significant part of the world throughout human history. It includes all of the region generally referred to as the “Middle East”; it is where agriculture first emerged in the region sometimes called “Mesopotamia” and sometimes called “The Fertile Crescent”; and due to its position as an intermediary between Europe, Africa, and Asia it has long been a center of global trade and a facilitator for the exchange of ideas.

Example Question #3 : Indentifying Major World Regions

Which of these counties is found in South East Asia?

Possible Answers:

Saudi Arabia

Chile

Brazil

Japan

Indonesia

Correct answer:

Indonesia

Explanation:

Indonesia is found in South East Asia. Japan is found in East Asia. South East Asia is one of the most densely populated regions on the planet and includes such countries as Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Example Question #7 : Geography

The concept of "regions" is useful to geographers because it allows them to break up the world into manageable units in order to analyze and compare spatial relationships. Regions are divided based mostly on cultural similarities or spatial placement on the globe. Nonetheless, regions do not have rigid definitions and their boundaries are fluid. Geographers have differing opinions and it is hard to categorize certain countries into one specific region due to the uniqueness juxtaposed to cultural similarities or geographic location.  Some of the countries which are hard to categorize into a specific region are Russia, Turkey, Egypt, Afghanistan, and Pakistan.

Which two countries can be categorized as belonging to both the region of Europe and a region in Asia?

Possible Answers:

Afghanistan and Pakistan

Russia and Egypt

Turkey and Afghanistan

Turkey and Russia

Egypt and Turkey

Correct answer:

Turkey and Russia

Explanation:

Turkey and Russia are the two countries in the world which overlap two continents, Europe and Asia. In Turkey, from Istanbul to the north is on the continent of Europe while the rest of the country lies in Asia.  While the majority of Russia's land mass is in Asia, the majority of population and its economic centers are in Europe. 

Culturally Geographers tend to group Russia with Europe as it is more similar to European cultures including language, food, and also ethnicity. Economically Russia also lines up with Europe more than Asia. However, the majority of the land area of Russia is East of the Ural mountains, placing it on the Asian continent.

Culturally Geographers usually group Turkey within the Middle East, a region of Asia. Although the city of Istanbul is half in Europe and half in Asia. Also, culturally Istanbul has a more European influence. The major religion in Turkey is Islam, which influences many Geographers to group Turkey with other countries of this similarity --the Middle Eastern countries. 

Afghanistan and Pakistan are two countries which Geographers disagree on which region to place in. However, neither is considered to be in the region of Europe. The debate between Geographers on these countries is whether they are part of the region known as the "Middle East" or part of the "Central Asia" region. Location would deem them part of Central Asia, but culture is more similar to the Middle East.

Egypt is also debated by Geographers. Yet again, however, Egypt is never considered as part of Europe. The two regions that Geographers switch Egypt back and forth between are the Middle East and Saharan Africa.  More often, Geographers settle on grouping Egypt with Saharan Africa as many of the countries in this region have a more Middle Eastern culture but geographically are located entirely on the continent of Africa. However, Egypt is not entirely located within the boarders of the African Continent. The Sinai, a very important historic and economic part of Egypt lies on the Saudi Arabian Peninsula, on the continent of Asia and in the region of the Middle East. 

Though the majority of Geographers can agree on distinct regional divisions, there are always debates with these particular countries. So in the end, it really takes a lot of understanding and is a matter of circumstance for dividing the world into distinct regions.

Example Question #8 : Geography

Which time zone encompasses the Prime Meridian? 

Possible Answers:

Australian Mean Time (AMT)

Eastern Standard Time (EST)

Mountain Standard Time (MST)

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

Central European Mean Time (UTC)

Correct answer:

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)

Explanation:

Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is the mean solar time at the Royal Observatory in London. This time zone encompasses the Prime Meridian, seeing as it is located at 0 degrees longitude!

Example Question #9 : Geography

What is the name of the region that includes Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia?

Possible Answers:

Mazda

Maghreb

Mossad

Madrassa

Correct answer:

Maghreb

Explanation:

The terminology that describes the region that includes Tunisia, Morocco, and Algeria is known as the Maghreb. It was an especially popular area during the colonization era.

Example Question #4 : Indentifying Major World Regions

What is the study of oceans and seas with a geographical perspective?

Possible Answers:

Aquatic geography

Marine geography

Marine biology

Established geography

Correct answer:

Marine geography

Explanation:

Studying geography and especially focusing on bodies of water and its interconnections with other aspects of geography, people groups, culture, etc. is known as marine geography. It should not be confused with marine biology, which is usually from a scientific view. 

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