AP Human Geography : Federal & Unitary States

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Federal & Unitary States

Which of these statements best describes a unitary state?

Possible Answers:

None of these answers describes a unitary state.

A state that is divided into several regions that are subject to one federal government, but also have delegated powers of their own.

A state where laws are administered uniformly, without regional authorities diluting the power.

A state where the highest law of the country is the divine law of God.

A state in which the population is almost exclusively drawn from one religious, ethnic, or cultural group.

Correct answer:

A state where laws are administered uniformly, without regional authorities diluting the power.

Explanation:

A unitary state, as opposed to a federal state like the United States, is a state where laws are administered uniformly by one central government. There are no regional authorities, like the various states in the United States, who compete for power and dilute the authority of the central government.

Example Question #2 : Federal & Unitary States

What name is given to the system of government where power is shared between a centralized government and various regional authorities?

Possible Answers:

Autocracy

Imperialism

Federalism

Republicanism

Fascism

Correct answer:

Federalism

Explanation:

Federalism is a system of government where power is shared (in various arrangements) between a centralized government and various regional authorities. The United States is a federal country because power is shared between the national government and the governments of the various states.

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