AP Human Geography : Ethnicity & Nationalism

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Ethnicity & Nationalism

Apartheid laws were famously repealed in which nation in 1991?

Possible Answers:

China

South Africa

Russia

India

Germany

Correct answer:

South Africa

Explanation:

The repeal of apartheid, or laws governing the physical separation of people of different races, occurred in the nation of South Africa in 1991.

Example Question #2 : Ethnicity & Nationalism

Which of these is an example of a multinational state?

Possible Answers:

Germany.

Japan.

China.

The United Kingdom.

France.

Correct answer:

The United Kingdom.

Explanation:

A “multinational state” is a state that is comprised of more than one nationality. More specifically it is a state in which those various nationalities agree to coexist as one political unit for mutual benefit. In the United Kingdom the English, the Scottish, the Welsh, and the Northern Irish are all distinct nationalities with a long history who have peacefully (for the most part) coexisted for a long time.

Example Question #3 : Ethnicity & Nationalism

Which of these terms is used to describe a segregated area of a city in which a minority ethnic group is compelled to live in unfavorable conditions due to legal, political, social, or economic obstacles?

Possible Answers:

Pidgin

Creole

Hovel

Diaspora

Ghetto

Correct answer:

Ghetto

Explanation:

A “ghetto” is an area of a city in which people of an ethnic minority are confined either by official government policy or by economic and social obstacles that make it difficult for people of that ethnicity to exist outside of the ghetto. It has been a common experience of African-Americans in the United States since the end of the Civil War.

Example Question #3 : Ethnicity & Nationalism

The term diaspora is most closely associated with which of these people in European history?

Possible Answers:

Irish

Germans

Jews

Indians

Native Americans

Correct answer:

Jews

Explanation:

Although the term “diaspora” can be used to describe any dispersion of people from their original homeland around the world, it is most commonly applied to the Jewish people. Before the creation of Israel, in 1947, almost all of the world’s Jews lived in communities in Europe, the Middle East, and the Americas, yet they retained their cultural and religious traditions and preserved their ethnic differences.

Example Question #4 : Ethnicity & Nationalism

Which of these ethnicities is increasing at the fastest rate, in terms of percentage growth, in the United States?

Possible Answers:

African Americans

Latin Americans

Caucasians

Pacific Islanders

Asian Americans

Correct answer:

Asian Americans

Explanation:

In raw numbers, the population of Latin Americans is growing the fastest. But, in terms of percentage the fastest growing ethnicity is Asian Americans. The number of Asian Americans grows by about three percent each year, while the number of Latin Americans grows by about two percent.

Example Question #6 : Ethnicity & Nationalism

In the last two decades the United States __________.

Possible Answers:

has become considerably less ethnically diverse

has seen a dramatic increase in the influence of religious culture

has seen a dramatic decline in the influence of religious culture

remained relatively uniform in its ethnic composition

has become considerably more ethnically diverse

Correct answer:

has become considerably more ethnically diverse

Explanation:

Unlike most Western European countries the influence of religious culture on America has remained fairly powerful and consistent in the last two decades, so we can rule out these two answer choices. The United States has seen a considerable increase in its ethnic diversity in the last two decades. In the 1990s immigration laws were fairly lenient and a great number of immigrants arrived from East Asia, South Asia, and Latin America. These new arrivals have had children in far greater numbers than the majority white population, contributing to a considerable increase in ethnic diversity in the United States.

Example Question #5 : Ethnicity & Nationalism

The majority of immigrants arriving from Latin America to the United States come from __________.

Possible Answers:

Colombia

Brazil

Cuba

Puerto Rico

Mexico

Correct answer:

Mexico

Explanation:

Of these countries by far the most immigrants arrive from Mexico, mostly into the southwest of the United States although Mexican-Americans are well dispersed around much of the United States. As of 2013,  immigrants from Mexico were living in the United States, which accounted for over  of all immigrants living in America.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: