AP Human Geography : Environmental Issues

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

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Example Questions

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Example Question #913 : Ap Human Geography

Which of the following environmental costs is least directly associated with modern industrial farming?

Possible Answers:

Increased ocean acidification.

Increasing usage of pesticides and herbicides.

Increased reliance on fossil fuels for agriculture.

Ecosystem degradation due to substitution of monocultures for complex ecosystems.

Correct answer:

Increased ocean acidification.

Explanation:

Modern industrial farming relies heavily on inputs of fossil fuels in the form of pesticides and herbicides. Furthermore, industrial farming is largely based on monocultures, which represent the simplification of complex ecosystems. The only option not directly associated with industrial farming is ocean acidification. Although ocean acidification occurs due to increased carbon dioxide concentration, this is not as direct of an impact as the other options. 

Example Question #914 : Ap Human Geography

Which of the following is not a weakness of monocultures?

Possible Answers:

Increased susceptibility to pests

Increased effort required for harvest

Decreased genetic diversity

Ecosystem degradation

Correct answer:

Increased effort required for harvest

Explanation:

Monoculture refers to the practice of growing one crop over a large area. This leads to environmental issues, increased reliance on pesticides and herbicides, and an overall decrease in genetic diversity. 

One benefit to monocultures however, is the fact that they can generally be harvested by machines. This tends to decrease the effort required to harvest them. This means that the only option that is NOT a weakness is, "Increased effort required for harvest."

Example Question #141 : Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use

Most of the nutrients which plants depend on to grow are found in the __________.

Possible Answers:

topsoil

deepsoil

softsoil

exosoil

endosoil

Correct answer:

topsoil

Explanation:

Most of the nutrients that plants depend on to grow are found in very thin quantities in soil right by the surface. This fertile soil is called “topsoil,” and it is here where almost all crops are grown. To this author’s knowledge none of the other answer choices are real terms.

Example Question #142 : Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use

Which of the following South American countries struck a deal whereby it agreed to preserve large sections of its rainforest in exchange for the forgiveness of hundreds of millions of dollars of debt?

Possible Answers:

Chile

Bolivia

Argentina

Ecuador

Brazil

Correct answer:

Bolivia

Explanation:

Bolivia is one of the poorest and least developed countries in South America. In the 1980s, it owed hundreds of millions of dollars to international and multinational banking organizations. In an unprecedented move the debt was forgiven in exchange for Bolivia’s guarantee that it would preserve more than a million square miles of its rainforest. This type of agreement made with Bolivia is called a “Debt-for-nature swap.”

Example Question #143 : Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use

The practice of "slash and burn" is widely considered to be __________.

Possible Answers:

not sustainable

a relatively new invention

typical for tropical forests

found in high mountainous regions

Correct answer:

typical for tropical forests

Explanation:

Slash and burn is an agricultural technique used today in tropical forest regions with small populations and shifting cultivation agriculture. It uses little technology, and has been practiced since the Neolithic Revolution. Though the technique is not sustainable in large populations, because without the trees, the soil quality becomes too poor to support crops, the method is suitable for small farming communities. 

Example Question #144 : Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use

Which of these continents has the biggest problem with deforestation?

Possible Answers:

Asia

Africa

South America

North America

Europe

Correct answer:

South America

Explanation:

Deforestation refers to the clearing of forest or jungle to make room for agricultural or mining industries. It is a significant problem around the world, but is most pronounced in South America. The Amazon Rainforest in South America is being cleared at a rapid rate to make room for ranches, plantations, and mining industries. This presents a serious ecological problem for the entire continent.

Example Question #145 : Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use

Which of these American Presidents created the Department of Agriculture?

Possible Answers:

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Herbert Hoover

Andrew Jackson

William Henry Harrison

Abraham Lincoln

Correct answer:

Abraham Lincoln

Explanation:

The Department of Agriculture was created in 1862 by President Abraham Lincoln. At the time the vast majority of Americans were engaged in farming as their primary occupation and so Lincoln called the newly created department “The People’s Department.”

Example Question #146 : Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use

Which of these areas has the lowest percentage of degraded agricultural land?

Possible Answers:

Eastern Europe

Western Europe

South America

Australia and Oceania

North America

Correct answer:

North America

Explanation:

“Degraded agricultural land” is land that was once fertile and used for growing crops, but has been made infertile by human intervention and mismanagement. It is most common in densely populated areas where large scale farming has been common for a long period of time. For this reason, North America, which is not very densely populated and has only been consistently farmed since the arrival of Europeans, has the lowest percentage of degraded agricultural land.

Example Question #147 : Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use

Topsoil erosion is such a large problem because __________.

Possible Answers:

the developed world depends on crops grown in topsoil

topsoil is found in such small quantities on the Earth’s surface

it exacerbates climate change and global warming

topsoil takes a long time to replenish

the developing world depends on crops grown in topsoil

Correct answer:

topsoil takes a long time to replenish

Explanation:

“Topsoil erosion” refers to the gradual (or occasionally, rapid) depletion of the nutrient-rich topsoil in which almost all crops are grown. It is of such large concern because topsoil can take hundreds or thousands of years to replenish itself. Topsoil is found throughout the world and both the developed and developing world depend on crops grown in topsoil.

Example Question #148 : Agriculture, Food Production, & Rural Land Use

What is a main goal of the Kyoto Protocol?

Possible Answers:

Augment policies outlined in the Los Angeles Protocol.

Increase biodiversity in South American rainforests.

Allow the UN to make all decisions regarding environmental conservation issues.

Decrease the use of fossil fuels in Japan.

Reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.

Correct answer:

Reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.

Explanation:

The Kyoto Protocol was signed in 1997 by more than 80 countries. This protocol's main goal was to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases (e.g., methane). The United States abandoned this protocol due to a fear of restricting growth.

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