AP Human Geography : Communism & the Cold War

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Human Geography

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #214 : Ap Human Geography

Which of the following nations was NOT a Warsaw Pact signee?

Possible Answers:

Poland

Yugoslavia

The Soviet Union

Romania

Bulgaria

Correct answer:

Yugoslavia

Explanation:

The Warsaw Pact, officially the Warsaw Treaty Organization of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance, was an alliance founded in 1955 between Eastern European countries to serve as a military and political unit of contiguous communist nations. While the eight signatories—the Soviet Union, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Albania, Poland, and East Germany—were all communist-led nations, not all communist European nations joined. Notably Yugoslavia, which was led by the iconoclastic Marshal Josip Broz Tito, resisted joining an alliance that was so closely controlled by Soviet authorities. These nations still have close ties economically, despite the fall of communism and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact.

Example Question #215 : Ap Human Geography

The term “Iron Curtain” has been used to refer to __________.

Possible Answers:

Imperially dominated East Asia during the first half of the twentieth century

Imperially dominated South America in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries

Soviet controlled Eastern Europe during the Cold War

Imperially dominated Sub-Saharan Africa during the second half of the nineteenth century

American controlled Western Europe during the Cold War

Correct answer:

Soviet controlled Eastern Europe during the Cold War

Explanation:

The term “Iron Curtain” was coined by Winston Churchill in the aftermath of the Second World War. It refers to the “curtain” being pulled over Eastern Europe by the Soviet Union which removed those countries from the global capitalist market and isolated Eastern Europe from Western Europe.

Example Question #216 : Ap Human Geography

The term “Domino Theory” arose out of attempts at containment of __________ during the __________.

Possible Answers:

theocracy . . . Great Depression

capitalism . . . Cold War

communism . . . Great Depression

fascism . . . Great Depression

communism . . . Cold War

Correct answer:

communism . . . Cold War

Explanation:

The term “Domino Theory” is the idea that if communism is allowed to exist in one country, it will inevitably spread to the neighboring countries until they all fall “like dominoes.” The fear of the spread of communism and attempts to contain it were part of American foreign policy throughout the Cold War era. The term has since been used more liberally to describe the spread of political revolution from one country to the next, such as recently with ISIS in the Middle East.

Example Question #1 : Communism & The Cold War

During the Cold War years, the world was divided into two political and economic ideological camps. In geographic terminology, this is referred to as the ___________.

Possible Answers:

Free World Division

Heartland-Rimland theory

East-West divide

organic-inorganic theory

North-South divide

Correct answer:

East-West divide

Explanation:

During the Cold War years the world was divided into two political and economic ideological camps. The western world was capitalist and largely democratic, whereas much of the eastern world (the Soviet Union, China, parts of South Asia) was communist and largely autocratic. In geographic terminology this is referred to as the “East-west divide.”

Example Question #2 : Communism & The Cold War

Which of these countries was not a member of the Warsaw Pact for at least parts of the Cold War?

Possible Answers:

Romania

Turkey

Czechoslovakia

Belarus

The U.S.S.R.

Correct answer:

Turkey

Explanation:

Turkey, despite being in Eastern Europe and territorially very close to the Soviet Union, was a staunch ally of the United States and NATO throughout the Cold War. American nuclear warheads were kept on Turkish soil for several years, and the Turkish government served as a useful buffer for the United States between the Soviet Union and the other states of the Middle East.

Example Question #3 : Communism & The Cold War

During the Cold War, Europe was divided into two international alliances. Western Europe, led by the United States, was part of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Eastern Europe, led by the Soviet Union, was part of the __________.

Possible Answers:

Commonwealth of Independent States

League of Nations

Trans-Siberian Treaty Organization

Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact

Warsaw Pact

Correct answer:

Warsaw Pact

Explanation:

During the Cold War, Europe was divided into two ideological factions. In the West, the vast majority of states were capitalist and democratic and were led by the United States in an alliance known as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). In the East, the majority of states were communist and autocratic and were led by the Soviet Union in an alliance known as the Warsaw Pact.

Example Question #4 : Communism & The Cold War

During the Cold War, several countries in the Eastern Bloc were nominally independent, but were also under economic, political, and military control of the Soviet Union. These countries are known as __________.

Possible Answers:

buffer states

satellite states

exclaves

perforated states

enclaves

Correct answer:

satellite states

Explanation:

A country that is nominally independent but is under the influence and sometimes control of another much larger nation is known as a “satellite state.” “Satellite states” were particularly common during the Cold War era as both the Soviet Union and the United States sought to bring as many countries as possible under their spheres of influence.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: