AP Environmental Science : Types of Energy

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Environmental Science

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Types Of Energy

Which of the following forms of energy results from the motion of electrons?

Possible Answers:

chemical

nuclear

mechanical

thermal

electrical

Correct answer:

electrical

Explanation:

Electrical energy is form of energy that results from the motion of electrons.

Example Question #2 : Types Of Energy

Which of the following is not a type of renewable energy? 

Possible Answers:

Solar power

Wind energy

None of these

Nuclear energy

Geothermal energy

Correct answer:

Nuclear energy

Explanation:

Nuclear energy has the potential to last a long time; however, the quantity is finite and limited—similar to oil and gas. Solar energy, wind energy, and geothermal energy—from heat within the Earth—are produced by energy sources that do not deplete over time and can be constantly renewed. 

Example Question #3 : Types Of Energy

What is the nature of photosynthesis and its objective in energy conversion? 

Possible Answers:

To convert chemical energy into low grade heat energy for the purpose of biological metabolism

To convert heat energy into high grade chemical energy for the purpose of energy storage

To convert chemical energy into low grade light energy for the purpose of bioluminescence 

To convert radiant energy into high grade chemical energy for the purpose of energy storage

Correct answer:

To convert radiant energy into high grade chemical energy for the purpose of energy storage

Explanation:

Photosynthesis is the chemical process of utilizing the sun's radiant energy to produce glucose. Glucose is a carbohydrate monomer that is used for energy storage. Heat is not the type of energy utilized from the sun and the conversion of chemical energy into other forms is the reverse process of Photosynthesis. 

Example Question #4 : Types Of Energy

Imagine you own an electric car and you recharge the battery each night. Each morning before you leave for work, the battery is fully charged. What time of energy does this fully charged battery contain before you start the engine?

Possible Answers:

Potential energy

Radiant energy

Metabolic energy

Kinetic energy

Correct answer:

Potential energy

Explanation:

The correct response is potential energy. This is stored energy at rest. It's energy waiting to be used. However, if the car was moving they would would call it kinetic energy - energy in motion. Since in the questions the car hadn't been started yet, kinetic energy is the incorrect response. Radiant energy is from the sunlight, thus that answer is incorrect. Metabolic energy is related to digestion so that response is incorrect.

Example Question #5 : Types Of Energy

One of the major challenges in creating a sustainable future is to develop renewable energies. Which of the following is not an example of a renewable energy?

Possible Answers:

Natural gas

Wind

Solar

Geothermal

Correct answer:

Natural gas

Explanation:

The correct response is natural gas. This is an example of a fossil fuel - like coal and oil. Fossil fuels are considered non-renewable resources because once they are used up, they are gone forever. All of the other answer choices are considered renewable resources because they can be used multiple times without being depleted. For example, if an individual adds solar panels to their home, then they will receive energy day after day - sunlight is not completely used up by the solar panels.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: