AP Art History : Understanding terminology that describes twentieth- and twenty-first-century sculpture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #5 : Twentieth And Twenty First Century Sculpture

An American architect closely associated with the Prairie School was __________.

Possible Answers:

Frank Lloyd Wright

Philip Johnson

Frank Gehry

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Correct answer:

Frank Lloyd Wright

Explanation:

The Prairie School was an architectural movement that grew around the turn of the nineteenth to the twentieth century in the American midwest. The Prairie School architects wished for a uniquely American form of architecture that could fit in with the natural landscape of America. Among the leading figures of the Prairie School was the famous architect Frank Lloyd Wright, whose early houses were all largely in the Prairie style.

Example Question #6 : Twentieth And Twenty First Century Sculpture

Three-dimensional art produced from pre-made objects, including things like household items, commercial products, or even trash is known as __________.

Possible Answers:

performance art

found object art

collage

modern art

Correct answer:

found object art

Explanation:

"Found object" can be considered an umbrella term, as it can apply to sculpture, installations, and many other media. The main concept behind "found object" art is that any object can be presented as or included in fine art. The first use of such art was by Marcel Duchamp with his "readymades," which were literally just regular objects Duchamp gave titles to and placed in galleries. The earliest form of the movement was seen as a subset of Dadaism.

Example Question #7 : Twentieth And Twenty First Century Sculpture

Found object art ___________.

Possible Answers:

challenges the viewer to consider what makes something "art" and, like Pop Art, can put everyday items in a new light as a result

created a widely-accepted art movement--Illusionism--that forced viewers to reconcile the seen with the unseen 

was, like Futurism, a brief artistic movement that thrived in the years between the First and Second World Wars

can frequently be found in the most popular creations of Renaissance masters like Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo

None of the answers are correct.

Correct answer:

challenges the viewer to consider what makes something "art" and, like Pop Art, can put everyday items in a new light as a result

Explanation:

Found object art, or art that incorporates already made materials, is a form of art that often elicits controversy over what "art" really is--while it began as a conscious technique early in the twentieth century, it continues on today. 

Example Question #8 : Twentieth And Twenty First Century Sculpture

Marcel Duchamp's coined the term "readymade" to describe sculptures made using ________________.

Possible Answers:

objects created by a team of artists working in an assembly line

objects from other countries

stolen objects

ordinary manufactured objects

None of these

Correct answer:

ordinary manufactured objects

Explanation:

Readymades were everyday objects that were chosen and then adjusted by the artist before being put on display. Examples include Duchamp's own provocative "Fountain," which was simply a urinal. He saw this as a response to so-called "retinal art," or art that only affected its viewers through sight.

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