AP Art History : Understanding terminology that describes Romanesque 2D art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Romanesque 2 D Art

In religious art from the Middle Ages, St. Stephen is identifiable through __________.

Possible Answers:

a crown of thorns

arrows in his side

a stone in his head

his holding a set of keys

Correct answer:

a stone in his head

Explanation:

St. Stephen is sometimes referred to as "the Protomartyr," as he was the first martyr recounted in the Bible, as his testimony of a vision of Christ to the Jewish leadership caused him to be stoned. This story made him immensely popular from the rise of Christianity through the Middle Ages, and St. Stephen became a common depiction in icons, paintings, and stained glass. St. Stephen is recognizable through having a stone implanted in his skull.

Example Question #2 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Romanesque 2 D Art

What is the difference between the Greek cross and the Latin cross?

Possible Answers:

The Latin cross has four short arms, but the Greek cross has a shorter vertical piece with longer side arms.

The Greek cross has four equal arms, but the Latin cross has a longer vertical piece with shorter arms.

The Latin cross has four equal arms, but the Greek cross has a longer vertical piece with shorter arms.

The Greek cross has four short arms, but the Latin cross has a shorter vertical piece with longer side arms.

Correct answer:

The Greek cross has four equal arms, but the Latin cross has a longer vertical piece with shorter arms.

Explanation:

The Greek cross has four equal-sized arms. The Latin cross has a longer vertical section with shorter arms on the sides.

 

Example Question #2 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Romanesque 2 D Art

What is a nimbus?

Possible Answers:

A cloud in the background of a landscape

A handwritten manuscript

A halo surrounding the head of a painted holy figure

A vestibule of a church

A cross arm of a basilica

Correct answer:

A halo surrounding the head of a painted holy figure

Explanation:

A nimbus is a halo that appears painted around the head of a holy figure to symbolize his or her divinity.

Example Question #3 : Romanesque 2 D Art

What is vellum?

Possible Answers:

Lambskin surface for painting

Calfskin surface for painting

Chicken skin surface for painting

Human skin surface for painting

Correct answer:

Calfskin surface for painting

Explanation:

Vellum is a calfskin surface prepared for painting. It is often used for manuscripts (handwritten documents or scrolls).

Example Question #4 : Romanesque 2 D Art

What does an image of Christ Pantocrater depict?

Possible Answers:

Christ as a newborn

Christ as the ruler of all

Christ after his crucifixion

Christ as the cruel king

Correct answer:

Christ as the ruler of all

Explanation:

The image of Christ Pantocrater suggests that Christ is the all-powerful ruler and judge of humanity. It is a popular depiction in many Byzantine churches.

Example Question #3 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Romanesque 2 D Art

This artistic and architectural movement of 1000 BCE to the fourteenth century is responsible for the widespread usage of stained glass in European churches and cathedrals.

Possible Answers:

Romanesque

The Byzantine Empire

Rococo

Baroque

The Renaissance

Correct answer:

Romanesque

Explanation:

Although there are an unfortunate few surviving examples of Romanesque stained glass, the first examples of stained glass are remnants from the beginning of the Romanesque era. The larger quantities of stained glass from the Romanesque period have been dated to its later years.

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