AP Art History : Understanding terminology that describes nineteenth-century architecture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #2 : Nineteenth Century Architecture

The “mock Tudor” style of architecture was developed in __________.

Possible Answers:

the late nineteenth century

the late fifteenth century

the early sixteenth century

the mid eighteenth century

Correct answer:

the late nineteenth century

Explanation:

The "mock Tudor" style was a revival of the architectural forms and customs popular during the reigns of the Tudor monarchs of England, who ruled from 1485 to 1603. Developed in the late nineteenth century, a period of nostalgia for England's past, mock Tudor, also known as Tudor revival, featured the half-timbered houses and inventive brickwork common to nice houses in England in the sixteenth century, but done in new methods.

Example Question #1 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Nineteenth Century Architecture

The pillars of the Brooklyn Bridge were able to be built in the East River due to the use of __________.

Possible Answers:

suspension cables

retaining walls

steel beams

caissons

Correct answer:

caissons

Explanation:

The chief challenge in building a bridge across New York's East River was that the depth of the river and the length of the crossing meant that establishing any moorings for the bridge was nearly impossible. The original engineer, John Augustus Roebling, decided to use caissons, watertight retaining structures, which were placed into the East River to allow construction workers to build the bridge. The caissons were so deep that they caused a particular illness known as "caisson disease," a decompression sickness resulting from the pressure inside the caissons.

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