AP Art History : Understanding terminology that describes Asian 2D art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Asian 2 D Art

"Ukiyo-e" is a Japanese term for a piece of art produced through the use of __________.

Possible Answers:

screen printing

embroidery

woodblock prints

calligraphy pens

Correct answer:

woodblock prints

Explanation:

Ukiyo-e was the dominant form of Japanese art in the Edo period (1603-1867), and was aimed largely at the newly dominant upper middle classes by featuring images of geishas, sumo wrestlers, and kabuki actors. Ukiyo-e works were made from woodblock prints that allowed the artist to imprint a similar image on many different pieces of paper after creating just one block. Its handmade nature, however, allowed the pieces to be hand colored and shifted each time a new one was made.

Example Question #2 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Asian 2 D Art

Chinese paintings made before 1900 were usually displayed on __________

Possible Answers:

hanging scrolls

wooden panels

bare walls

wood-framed canvas

Correct answer:

hanging scrolls

Explanation:

Chinese paintings, whether fashionable court paintings or more individualistic works from the literati, were traditionally presented on hanging silk scrolls. These scrolls were both easily portable and impressive in their scope, as they could be quite large. The manufacture of the scrolls themselves was considered an art form.

Example Question #16 : 2 D Visual Art

800px-great_wave_off_kanagawa2

The above image is a woodblock print, meaning it __________.

Possible Answers:

can only be shown in a large format

cannot be moved from the place it was first drawn

can have its colors easily changed

can be easily replicated in the same form

can be enlarged and miniaturized easily

Correct answer:

can be easily replicated in the same form

Explanation:

The woodblock format, popular throughout Asia, is an artistic format that is produced by having a large piece of wood cut into and dyed by the artist. Thereafter, this woodblock can be printed onto canvas or paper, making it extremely easy to duplicate the work of art again and again.

Example Question #3 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Asian 2 D Art

__________ is a quintessential characteristic of the Japanese Ukiyo-e style.

Possible Answers:

Ink on parchment

Highly textured and detailed floral motifs

Woodblock prints

Accompanying literary text

Handscrolls

Correct answer:

Woodblock prints

Explanation:

Woodblock was characteristic of the Ukiyo-e style, particularly the lack of depth and shadow. Literary text was not characteristic of this period, as it was common in the Heian period (i.e. Tale of Genji).

Ink on parchment could be considered an answer, since many artists did render drafts and sketches on paper with ink; however, the period is known for the woodblock.

Example Question #4 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Asian 2 D Art

Great wave off kanagawa2

The work shown here is executed in the medium of _______________.

Possible Answers:

stone carving

etching

a woodblock print

watercolor painting

Correct answer:

a woodblock print

Explanation:

Under the Wave off Kanagawa is perhaps the most well-known Japanese woodblock print, from one of the form’s masters, Katsushika Hokusai. Japanese woodblock printing was produced by carefully carving an image onto a fine grained piece of wood, then applying ink to the block of wood and stamping the block onto a piece of paper. This allowed for works of art to be copied onto multiple pieces of paper and distributed quite widely.

Image accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Katsushika_Hokusai,_published_by_Nishimuraya_Yohachi_(Eijudō)_-_Under_the_Wave_off_Kanagawa_(Kanagawa-oki_nami-ura),_also_known_as_the_Great_Wave,_from_the_series_T..._-_Google_Art_Project.jpg

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