AP Art History : Identifying artists, works, or schools of twentieth- and twenty-first-century sculpture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century Sculpture

The American sculptor known for making large, stainless steel figures with a mirror finish, usually of kitsch and pop culture subjects, is named __________.

Possible Answers:

Mike Leavitt

Jeff Koons

George Segal

Damien Hirst

Correct answer:

Jeff Koons

Explanation:

Jeff Koons is a controversial modern sculptor, as he has often turned his eye to pop culture subjects considered outside the realm of high art. Notably, he has a series called "Banality," and has constructed immense metallic sculptures of balloons twisted into animal shapes. While his subjects tend to be "lighter" compared to his contemporaries, like George Segal, Koons' skill with steel and his non-traditional subjects have been highly influential on younger generations of artists, including Damien Hirst and Mike Leavitt.

Example Question #2 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century Sculpture

Which twentieth-century artist is responsible for the 1917 sculpture Fountain, which features a urinal?

Possible Answers:

Francis Picabia

Pablo Picasso

Marcel Duchamp

Man Ray

Reginald Mutt

Correct answer:

Marcel Duchamp

Explanation:

Duchamp is responsible for this three-dimensional art piece. The piece was signed "R. Mutt," but the origin of this signature is still debated, though it is said to stand for Richard Mutt.

Example Question #3 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century Sculpture

Where was Christo and Jeanne-Claude's installation art piece The Gates located when installed?


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Possible Answers:

New York's Union Square Park

London's Hyde Park

New York's Central Park

Chicago's Millenium Park

Los Angeles's Griffith Park

Correct answer:

New York's Central Park

Explanation:

Christo and Jeanne-Claude's installation art piece The Gates was set up in 2005.

Image accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Gates#/media/File:Gates_a.jpg

Example Question #2 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century Sculpture

Dan Flavin was well-known for his art composed of what commonplace objects?

Possible Answers:

Telephones

Urinals

Trash

Fluorescent light tubes

Vacuums 

Correct answer:

Fluorescent light tubes

Explanation:

Dan Flavin's fluorescent light tube sculptures used the objects' eerie glow to give the area around them an unusual energy. Marcel Duchamp is famous for his urinal readymade "Fountain," while Jeff Koons employed vacuums in his early work. Dali created a Lobster Telephone, and trash art is a genre unto itself.

Example Question #5 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century Sculpture

Kara Walker's 2014 "A Subtlety" was a sugar sculpture depicting a woman in the pose of what creature?

Possible Answers:

Sphinx

Dragon

Unicorn

Centaur

Mermaid

Correct answer:

Sphinx

Explanation:

"A Subtlety" was housed in an old sugar plant and depicted a slave woman naked except for a headscarf in the pose of a Sphinx. The sculpture fused ancient art with the abuses of American slavery in a massive sculpture.

Example Question #3 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century Sculpture

______________ is the Pop Artist best known for "Pop Sculpture."

Possible Answers:

James Rosenquist

Claes Oldenburg

Andy Warhol 

Roy Lichtenstein 

Correct answer:

Claes Oldenburg

Explanation:

Claes Oldenburg is best known for Pop Art sculptures of everyday objects and more specifically his "soft sculptures". His soft sculptures consisted of creating large, everyday objects so they collapse like a deflating balloon.

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