AP Art History : Identifying artists, works, or schools of twentieth- and twenty-first-century 2D art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century 2 D Art

The painter Piet Mondrian belonged to the artistic school known as __________.

Possible Answers:

Realism

Post-Impressionism

De Stijl

Impressionism

Correct answer:

De Stijl

Explanation:

Piet Mondrian was a Dutch artist who was the leading figure among a group of artists in different media who sought a style that was elemental in its construction, known as De Stijl, or "The Style." Mondrian's painting developed into featuring thick black lines intersecting the canvas at right angles to form rectangles on the painting. Inside these rectangles were blocks of color only in the three primary colors.

Example Question #2 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century 2 D Art

All of the following artistic movements were begun in the twentieth century EXCEPT __________.

Possible Answers:

Pop Art

Cubism

Impressionism

Abstract Expressionism

Correct answer:

Impressionism

Explanation:

The twentieth century saw an explosion in artistic forms that both presented non-realistic images, especially Abstract Expressionism and Cubism, or depicted elements of everyday life or lower culture, as Pop Art did. In this, one of the key forerunners to these movements was the late-nineteenth-century movement known as Impressionism. Impressionism had vivid brushstrokes that made images look less realistic, and intentionally depicted scenes of everyday life, like farmwork, cafés, and parks.

Example Question #3 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century 2 D Art

An artistic style that used images and ideas prevalent in low culture was __________.

Possible Answers:

Abstract Expressionism

Neo-realism

Pop Art

Surrealism

Correct answer:

Pop Art

Explanation:

The movement known as Pop Art was developed in the post-World-War-II era, taking inspiration from various elements of low culture and popular culture. Often, artists like Andy Warhol and Robert Raushenberg used advertising images in subversive ways, or as the actual artwork itself. Jasper Johns used images of Americana like the American flag in odd ways, while Roy Lichtenstein copied images from comic books.

Example Question #4 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century 2 D Art

The Italian painter who created angular modernist portraits with solid, dark eyes was __________.

Possible Answers:

Amadeo Modigliani

Filippo Marinetti

Pablo Picasso

Salvador Dalí

Correct answer:

Amadeo Modigliani

Explanation:

Amedeo Modigliani was a Jewish painter born in Italy in 1884, but who gained fame in Paris in the 1910s. Embracing many aspects of modernism through associating with fellow modernists in the Montparnasse section of Paris, Modigliani established a unique form of portraiture which featured elongated shapes and empty black eyes. Modigliani died of tuberculosis at the age of 35 in Paris in 1920.

Example Question #39 : Twentieth And Twenty First Century 2 D Art

All the following artist were Abstract Expressionists except __________.

Possible Answers:

Willem de Kooning

Wassily Kandinsky

Andy Warhol

Jackson Pollack

Correct answer:

Andy Warhol

Explanation:

Abstract Expressionism was developed in the immediate post-World War II era as a specific genre of painting that featured non-realistic shapes and took inspiration from free-form styles of music like jazz. Earlier artists like Wassily Kandinsky were pulled into the movement, which was further pushed by artists like Jackson Pollack, with his "drip method," and Willem de Kooning, whose odd figures and textural paintings were archetypical of the movement.

Example Question #5 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century 2 D Art

The artistic movement known as futurism was developed in __________.

Possible Answers:

France

Spain

Germany

Italy

Correct answer:

Italy

Explanation:

Futurism arose from the destruction of World War I and the advances of the machine age as an artistic movement that championed modernism, speed, and technology. Its principles were set forth in the Futurist Manifesto, written by the Italian artist Filippo Tommasso Marinetti. The movement was primarily Italian, with a few prominent Russian adherents, and had an unfortunate close relationship with the Fascist movement in Italy under Benito Mussolini.

Example Question #4 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century 2 D Art

The American photographer well-known for his landscapes of the American West is __________.

Possible Answers:

Matthew Brady

Alexander Gardner

Ansel Adams

Alfred Stieglitz

Correct answer:

Ansel Adams

Explanation:

In its earliest form in the late nineteenth century, photography was a modern invention that was usually used to capture modern images, such as cities, war, and machines. One notable exception was the American photographer Ansel Adams, whose work focused on the landscapes of the American West, particularly the new national parks. Adams developed the "Zone System" in order to be able to create contrast in his final print to allow for the proper look in his landscape photography.

Example Question #5 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century 2 D Art

The artist who created large-format paintings of the water lilies in his garden was __________.

Possible Answers:

Vincent van Gogh

Claude Monet

Paul Cézanne

Édouard Manet

Correct answer:

Claude Monet

Explanation:

Claude Monet's massive Water Lilies (in French, Nympheas) series are masterpieces of impressionist painting, showing light and color in his subject through painting on a giant scale, which allows the viewer to see the brushstrokes in the painting. Monet made dozens of paintings in the series, all of which have no horizon or obvious markers of space not covered by water lillies. The most famous examples are housed in the Musee de l'Orangerie in Paris, in a round room specially constructed and lit to contain only four mural-sized paintings.

Example Question #6 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century 2 D Art

The American photographer famous for portraits of people on the streets of New York City is __________.

Possible Answers:

Alfred Stieglitz

Diane Arbus

David LaChapelle

Berenice Abbott

Correct answer:

Diane Arbus

Explanation:

Diane Arbus believed that a camera had an ability to bring truth out in people due to its inherent awkwardness. Arbus' photographs were exclusively in black and white, and typically portrayed "odd" people of various kinds in New York City. Diane Arbus was a mildly successful newspaper and magazine photographer who only achieved artistic fame after her suicide in 1971.

Example Question #7 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Twentieth And Twenty First Century 2 D Art

The American realist painter who often featured everyday scenes at gas stations, hotels, and restaurants was __________.

Possible Answers:

Andy Warhol

Mark Rothko

Jackson Pollock

Edward Hopper

Correct answer:

Edward Hopper

Explanation:

Edward Hopper's painting style was realist to the point of being almost simple, with plain depictions and colors. Where Hopper proved singular was in the way he framed his compositions, revealing an inner depth and detachment to the people in his paintings. Hopper as extremely reclusive and introverted, rarely giving any interviews or clues to any deeper meaning in his work.

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