AP Art History : Identifying artists, works, or schools of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century architecture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Seventeenth And Eighteenth Century Architecture

The English architect responsible for rebuilding many churches after the great London fire of 1666, including St. Paul's Cathedral, is __________.

Possible Answers:

Inigo Jones

Christopher Wren

Robert Hooke

Giacomo Leoni

Correct answer:

Christopher Wren

Explanation:

The Great London Fire of 1666 destroyed many of the buildings in the city, including the original St. Paul's Cathedral, and necessitated massive architectural projects. The largest beneficiary of this was Sir Christopher Wren, a mathematician as well as an architect, who created over fifty churches and rebuilt St. Paul's. Wren's legacy found its way throughout baroque architecture, and his St. Paul's design influenced the Pantheon in Paris, the U.S. Capitol, and many other buildings.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Seventeenth And Eighteenth Century Architecture

300px-ingo_jones_plan_for_a_new_palace_at_whitehall_1638

The architect who created this plan began his career as __________.

Possible Answers:

a mason

a blacksmith

a painter

a stage designer

Correct answer:

a stage designer

Explanation:

When Inigo Jones, who created this plan of a new Palace at Whitehall in 1638, first became an architect, the field was only newly springing up as a separate artistic discipline. There was no training in architecture or building design, and many seventeenth-century architects were self-taught artisans who came from related fields. Jones began as a stage designer, where he built sets and costumes for shows at the English court, and was typical of his era of architects for starting off in an artistic field that required knowledge of structures and fabrication.

Image: Plan for A New Palace at Whitehall by Inigo Jones (1638). <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ingo_Jones_plan_for_a_new_palace_at_Whitehall_1638.jpg>

Example Question #13 : Renaissance To Contemporary Architecture

"Federal style" architecture is most closely associated with which European architectural style?

Possible Answers:

Baroque style

Napoleon III style

Regency style

Mannerist style

Correct answer:

Regency style

Explanation:

The Federal style of architecture refers to the buildings designed and constructed in the first few decades of the United States' independence, roughly 1785 to 1815. The Federal style was closely related to the "Regency style" in Britain, which took place under the Regency of the Prince of Wales (later King George IV) during 1811 to 1820. Both styles were developments of Neoclassicism, which borrowed elements from Roman architecture like columns, domes, and white marble.

Example Question #3 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Seventeenth And Eighteenth Century Architecture

Which eighteenth-through-twenty-first-century Western architectural movement drew inspiration from Roman and Greek art and culture and coincided with the eighteenth-century Age of Enlightenment?

Possible Answers:

Neoclassicism

Mannerist Architecture

Art Nouveau

Art Deco

The Renaissance

Correct answer:

Neoclassicism

Explanation:

The term neoclassicism can be broken down into two parts: "Neo" and "Classic." This refers to the fact that is a new ("neo") interpretation of classic architectural and artistic concepts pioneered by the ancient Greeks and Romans. Art Deco and Art Nouveau are movements firmly planted in the twentieth century, and Mannerism and the Renaissance are much too far in the past to even be considered for a question that is about an eighteenth-through-twenty-first-century artistic movement.

Example Question #15 : Renaissance To Contemporary Architecture

By the end of the 18th century, the Rococo artistic and architectural style had been replaced by which successor, whose inspiration seemed to stem from certain Ancient civilizations?

Possible Answers:

Romanticism

Art Deco

Baroque

None of these answers

Neoclassicism

Correct answer:

Neoclassicism

Explanation:

The Rococo artistic and architectural movement and style, also known as "Late Baroque," surged in the late 18th century as a more intricate, delicate, light and asymmetrical approach to architecture than the Baroque style that came before it. Neoclassicism, which came as a direct opposition to Rococo, had replaced the asymmetrical, graceful architecture and art of the Rococo with its own focus on symmetry and simplicity by the end of the 18th century.

Example Question #16 : Renaissance To Contemporary Architecture

Monticello_2010-10-29.jpg

The building shown here was significantly influenced by the work of ______________________.

Possible Answers:

Christopher Wren

Inigo Jones

Francesco Borromini

Andrea Palladio

Correct answer:

Andrea Palladio

Explanation:

Thomas Jefferson was the principal designer, architect, and builder of Monticello, but his plans and designs were heavily influenced by the work of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio. Palladio not only built a number of impressive works of his own, but also wrote an influential treatise on architecture, The Four Books of Architecture. Jefferson was self-taught as an architect, largely from the writings of Palladio.

Image accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons. Author: YF12. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Monticello_2010-10-29.jpg

Example Question #4 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Seventeenth And Eighteenth Century Architecture

Monticello_2010-10-29.jpg

The building pictured above was located in _______________.

Possible Answers:

New York

Virginia

Pennsylvania

Massachusetts

Correct answer:

Virginia

Explanation:

The building pictured in the drawing is Monticello, Thomas Jefferson's home in then rural Virginia, which he began building in the late eighteenth century. The location of Monticello is at the top of a hill, on the relative frontier of the continent, making it a building challenge. Nonetheless, Jefferson largely succeeded at building a European inspired grand home that still fit into the American landscape.

Image accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons. Author: YF12. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Monticello_2010-10-29.jpg

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: