AP Art History : Identifying artists, works, or schools of Early Christian, Byzantine, and Early Medieval architecture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval Architecture

Hagia Sofia Istanbul

In what part of the world is this building located?

Possible Answers:

Western Europe

Eastern Asia

The Middle East

North Africa

Correct answer:

The Middle East

Explanation:

This is the Hagia Sophia. It is located in Istanbul, on the Black Sea, in Turkey. There are hints of the location of the work in the style of the building. Consider the domed top, mixed with the towers on the corner. It is a unique blending of Greek and Islamic artistic influence.

Image adapted from http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/hledej.php?hleda=hagia+sophia+5.

Example Question #2 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Early Christian, Byzantine, And Early Medieval Architecture

Fill in the blank.

File:Chartres - cathédrale - rosace nord.jpg

The given image contains a medium for decoration commonly found in churches. This is an example of a(n) __________________ work.

Possible Answers:

oculus

tapestry

mosaic

stained glass

apse

Correct answer:

stained glass

Explanation:

This is an example of stained glass. The test taker can identify this as the glass decorations are colored to produce depictions of Religious figures and designs.

An apse is a recess in a church where the altar often is; an oculus is not related to glass work, but related to church construction.

Tapestries and mosaics are of different mediums than glass: cloth and tile, respectively.

Image is in the public domain, accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chartres_-_cath%C3%A9drale_-_rosace_nord.jpg

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