AP Art History : Identifying artists, works, or schools of Ancient Grecian and Roman sculpture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #42 : Sculpture

The ancient Greco-Roman statue that depicts a fallen soldier of the Galatian people is known as __________.

Possible Answers:

Laocoön and His Sons

The Dying Gaul

The Barberini Faun

The Arrotino

Correct answer:

The Dying Gaul

Explanation:

The Dying Gaul is a statue most likely originally cast around 200 BCE by a Greek king to commemorate his victory over the Galatians, a Celtic tribe living in modern day Turkey. The sculpture is remarkable for showing the bravery and humanity of the subject, who is marked as Galatian thanks to his haircut and necklace. The Dying Gaul that has survived is a Roman copy of the Greek original that is currently held in the Capitoline Museums in Rome.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Sculptors, Works, And Schools Of Sculpture

The Dying Gaul is a famous Roman piece of art in which medium?

Possible Answers:

Fresco

Mural

Sculpture

Painting

Mosaic

Correct answer:

Sculpture

Explanation:

The Dying Gaul is a statue from the third century BCE and is among the most famous pieces of Roman artwork. The statue is remarkable for its tension and lines in the prone figure, who is slouching into repose from his wounds. Additionally, the face conveys an astonishing amount of pathos and misery, while also showing a perfect form in the figure's body.

Example Question #43 : Sculpture


450px aphrodite of cnidus.munich

Photo by Vitold Muratov (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.

This sculpture dates back to which period of Ancient Greek sculpture?

Possible Answers:

The Geometric period

The Archaic period

The Byzantine period

The Hellenistic period

The Classical period

Correct answer:

The Classical period

Explanation:

This sculpture, the Venus Braschi by Praxiteles, is a textbook example of the Classical period of Ancient Greek sculpture. The subject is calm, and has her weight shifted onto one foot, which is commonly seen in other sculptures of the same period. The sculpture has realistic, yet idealized proportions and body shape. It is also made of marble, which was not used for sculptures during the Archaic period.

The Hellenistic period consisted of a lot of movement, emotion and dynamism. As this sculpture's subject is a calm, idealized, very symmetrical female, this would not be a good representation of Hellenistic sculpture.

Example Question #44 : Sculpture


320px acma 679 kore 1

Image from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3AACMA_679_Kore_1.JPG. See page for author [CC BY-SA 2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons.

From which ancient civilization does this stone sculpture originate?

Possible Answers:

Ancient Greece

The Toltec Civilization

Ancient Egypt

Mesopotamia

Ancient Rome

Correct answer:

Ancient Greece

Explanation:

This sculpture is called Peplos Kore, and has been dated back to 530 BCE, during the Archaic period of Ancient Greek sculpture. The sculpture showcases one of the archetypal figures of Archaic sculpture: the standing draped woman. The subject also showcases what is known as the "Archaic smile," a bland, smiling facial expression born by nearly all Archaic Greek sculptures after 575 BCE.

Example Question #45 : Sculpture

Hellenistic sculpture

Photo by I, Sailko [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons.

This sculpture dates back to which of the three Ancient Greek sculpture periods?

Possible Answers:

The Archaic period

None of the other answers is correct.

The Hellenistic period

The Byzantine period

The Classical period

Correct answer:

The Hellenistic period

Explanation:

This sculpture, called Laocoön and His Sons, is a clear example of late Hellenistic Greek sculpture. It is less focused on symmetry and beauty, and is more focused on the emotion and movement of the scene it is illustrating. The facial expressions and panicked and angry, as opposed to serene or neutral, as seen in Archaic and Classical sculpture. Also, this sculpture features children, which are not often found in Classical and Archaic Greek Sculpture. 

The Byzantine period was not a period of Ancient Greek sculpture.

Example Question #46 : Sculpture

Screen shot 2016 02 02 at 1.22.58 pm

Exekias [Public domain, CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons.

Given its stylistic and formal elements, to what period can this amphora be attributed?

Possible Answers:

Roman Imperial

Greek Archaic

Greek Classical

Roman Republican

Greek Hellenistic

Correct answer:

Greek Archaic

Explanation:

Black-figure vases such as this one by Exekias depicting Ajax and Achilles playing dice are emblematic of Athenian ceramic production during the Greek Archaic period (c. 600–480 BCE).

 

Image: Ajax and Achilles Playing a Game, by Exekias (potter and painter), c. 540-530 BCE. Black-figure painting on a ceramic amphora.

Exekias [Public domain, CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons.

Example Question #47 : Sculpture

The Discobolus of Myron depicts what kind of person?

Possible Answers:

An athlete

An oracle

A sailor

An elder

A soldier

Correct answer:

An athlete

Explanation:

The Discobolus of Myron depicts a nude male discus thrower poised in the act of hurling the discus. With his head bent down, his knees bent, and his throwing arm extended behind him, the figure is frozen in a dynamic, athletic posture. Unlike later Greek art, Early Classical sculpture was concerned with portraying ideal human form, and the youthful male nude was considered the most beautiful of all the human forms.

Example Question #48 : Sculpture

The Discobolus of Myron is made of which material?

Possible Answers:

Beaten gold

Bronze

Marble

Iron

Cement

Correct answer:

Bronze

Explanation:

Like many Early Classical sculptures, the Discobolus of Myron was made of bronze. While sometimes more difficult to work with than marble, this medium is generally lighter than stone and allowed for more innovative, dynamic postures.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Ancient Grecian And Roman Sculpture

The Winged Victory of Samothrace depicts which goddess?

Possible Answers:

Demeter

Apollo

Athena

Ares

Nike

Correct answer:

Nike

Explanation:

Also known as the Nike of Samothrace, this famous sculpture depicts the Greek deity Nike, goddess of victory. Nike is traditionally depicted with wings, although the sculpture in question is missing not only its right wing but also its head. The sculpture dates to the 2nd century BCE and is currently housed at the Louvre in Paris.

Example Question #2 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Ancient Grecian And Roman Sculpture

The Winged Victory of Samothrace dates to which period?

Possible Answers:

Phoenician

Severe

Hellenistic

Barbaric

Archaic

Correct answer:

Hellenistic

Explanation:

Like the Venus de Milo, the Winged Victory of Samothrace (c. 190 BCE) is a work that came at the pinnacle of the Hellenistic era. As was customary in this era, the statue depicts a female goddess designed to be visually pleasing regardless of what angle it was viewed from (shown in the round). The Winged Victory of Samothrace also exhibits an elaborate draping of clothing (another hallmark of Hellenistic sculpture); in this case, the clothing looks as if it is being blown by a strong breeze.

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