AP Art History : Identifying artists, works, or schools of Ancient Grecian and Roman 2D art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

The most complete trove of provincial Roman panel paintings, often made by Greek painters and found in Egypt, are known as __________.

Possible Answers:

the Severan Tondo

the Fayum mummy portraits

the Aldobrandini Wedding

the Pitsa panels

Correct answer:

the Fayum mummy portraits

Explanation:

Most paintings from the classical world are lost, due to withering away and fading over time, unless they were in conditions that preserved them. The Fayum mummy portraits are the best collection of ancient portraits because they laid for centuries underground in the dry deserts of Egypt. While the creation of mummy portraits is descended from ancient Egyptian mummy practices, the Fayum portraits were typically painted by Greek artists for Roman patrons in Egypt, after Rome had accessioned Ptolemaic Egypt, following the Battle of Actium.

Example Question #5 : 2 D Art

Of what material is classical Greek sculpture most likely made?

Possible Answers:

None of the other answers is correct.

Marble

Granite

Limestone

Cement

Correct answer:

Marble

Explanation:

The answer is marble; you must first identify that the Greek tradition is where marble is a prominent material for sculpture and architecture. You must also recognize that limestone, the other major building material of the Greek architectural tradition, would not have been used for sculpture as much as for large-scale architectural ventures.

Example Question #2 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Ancient Grecian And Roman 2 D Art

Clothing portrayed in Greek sculpture that shows off the female figure without the woman in question appearing nude is a form of what kind of drapery?

Possible Answers:

Lysippian

Near Eastern

Athenian

Phidian

Classical

Correct answer:

Phidian

Explanation:

Phidian, a term which refers to work in the style of the sculptor Phidias, is known for his use of drapery to highlight the female form, which was not allowed to be shown in the nude.

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