AP Art History : Identifying artists, works, or schools of 2D art of the Americas

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of 2 D Art Of The Americas

The Mexican Mural Movement utilized all of the following themes EXCEPT __________.

Possible Answers:

socialist politics

indigenous Mexican culture

the glorification of the state

celebration of agricultural life

Correct answer:

the glorification of the state

Explanation:

The Mexican Mural Movement was Mexican painting movement that developed from the 1920s to the 1950s. Its most well-known painters were Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros. Each of these men were heavily influenced by Marxism and a sense of Mexican nationalism, which made them want to paint historical, indigenous, and agricultural scenes. Most of the muralists were often skirting trouble with the changing governments in Mexico, finding their support fluctuating throughout their careers.

Example Question #2 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of 2 D Art Of The Americas

Which religious apparition, recognized almost exclusively by the Spanish colonies of the Americas and not by the Europeans themselves, was and still is an unceasing source of artistic inspiration for the area that is known today as Mexico and Latin America?

Possible Answers:

San Juan Diego

Jesus of Nazareth

Sor Juana Inéz de la Cruz

Mother Theresa

The Virgin of Guadalupe

Correct answer:

The Virgin of Guadalupe

Explanation:

Official Catholic record states that San Juan Diego, then just a peasant, witnessed an apparition of the Virgin Mary four times at the Hill of Tepeyac, now a suburb of Mexico City.  It is said that the apparition of the Virgin Mary spoke to him in his native tongue of Nahuatl, asking for a church to be built there in her honor. Now the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe is the most visited Catholic pilgrimage site in the world, and the world's third most-visited sacred site.

Example Question #3 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of 2 D Art Of The Americas

Diego Rivera is one of the most well-known Mexican artists. His expansive wall paintings in fresco are a popular example of which genre of paintings, popularized in the 1920s as a social and political movement?

Possible Answers:

Cubism

None of the other answers is correct.

Rococo

Neoclassicism

Mexican Muralism

Correct answer:

Mexican Muralism

Explanation:

Diego Rivera is a very well-known Mexican artist. One of his many artistic accomplishments was to help launch Mexican muralism in the 1920s. Although Mexico has a long history of mural art, Mexican muralism gained traction as a globally popular art form thanks to the contributions of Rivera and other artists, such as José Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros, as they used the form as a political and social tool. In the USA, Mexican muralism served as inspiration for the Chicano art movement.

Example Question #4 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of 2 D Art Of The Americas

The Mexican Mural Movement utilized all of the following themes EXCEPT __________.

Possible Answers:

socialist politics

indigenous Mexican culture

the glorification of the state

celebration of agricultural life

Correct answer:

the glorification of the state

Explanation:

The Mexican Mural Movement was Mexican painting movement that developed from the 1920s to the 1950s. Its most well-known painters were Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros. Each of these men were heavily influenced by Marxism and a sense of Mexican nationalism, which made them want to paint historical, indigenous, and agricultural scenes. Most of the muralists were often skirting trouble with the changing governments in Mexico, finding their support fluctuating throughout their careers.

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