AP Art History : Answering other questions about twentieth-century 2D art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Answering Other Questions About Twentieth Century 2 D Art

The pop artist who often use images of the American flag in his work was __________.

Possible Answers:

Robert Rauschenberg

Jasper Johns

Roy Lichtenstein

Andy Warhol

Correct answer:

Jasper Johns

Explanation:

Like many other pop artists, Jasper Johns (b. 1930) used familiar symbols in odd or surprising ways to invert the expectations and conventions of high vs. low art. Instead of utilizing commercial products or elements of low culture, however, Johns preferred images of Americana, like the American flag. Johns' series of paintings on the American flag include an all-white flag, a pastiche of multiple sized flags, and flags where the colors are smudged and running into each other.

Example Question #453 : Ap Art History

Picasso's massive painting Guernica commemorates an event in __________.

Possible Answers:

World War II

World War I

the Spanish Civil War

the Spanish-American War

Correct answer:

the Spanish Civil War

Explanation:

During the Spanish Civil War, Francisco Franco's nationalist troops destroyed the Basque city of Guernica in a massive bombing campaign assisted by Nazi German and Italian Fascist troops. The painter Pablo Picasso made a massive black and white painting depicting the event in cubist and abstract imagery conveying sorrow and devastation. After Franco took over the reins of state in Spain in 1938, Picasso was not allowed in his native Spain.

Example Question #454 : Ap Art History

The Virgin of Guadalupe is a popular folk-art image in __________.

Possible Answers:

Belize

Mexico

El Salvador

Nicaragua

Correct answer:

Mexico

Explanation:

The Virgin of Guadalupe was an apparition of The Virgin Mary, which appeared to an indigenous Mexican named Juan Diego, in 1531. This was widely promulgated as the impetus for mass conversions among native Mexicans, and it became a national symbol of Mexico. The Virgin of Guadalupe, identifiable through her blue cloak, pose in prayer, and the light emanating around her, is one of the most widely used images in Mexican folk art.

Example Question #455 : Ap Art History

The artist who had a studio called “The Factory,” which produced multiple kinds of artwork was __________.

Possible Answers:

Henri Matisse

Pablo Picasso

Andy Warhol

Salvador Dali

Correct answer:

Andy Warhol

Explanation:

"The Factory" became known in the 1960s for the parties thrown there by its owner, Andy Warhol, but in all of its locations in Manhattan, Warhol used it as a working art studio. Due to Warhol's fascination with screen printing and other mechanical forms of reproduction, the name was fitting, as it featured many apprentices making various works. Warhol also gathered a variety of people there to make art in a variety of types.

Example Question #456 : Ap Art History

What is the name of the Pablo Picasso mural commemorating a bombing during the Spanish Civil War?

Possible Answers:

The Falling Soldier

Guernica

The Reaper

The Great Day of Girona

Correct answer:

Guernica

Explanation:

In 1937, planes from Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe, on behalf of the Francoist forces, bombed the Basque city of Guernica, a Republican stronghold. As one of the largest-scale atrocities of the Spanish Civil War, the Guernica bombing made Pablo Picasso feel compelled to commemorate the event. The result was a gigantic wall mural in Picasso's signature cubist style, but with references to war and a black and white color palette, neither of which were common to his work. The work was simply titled Guernica.

Example Question #457 : Ap Art History

Which of the following artistic movements was heavily influenced by the freeform nature of jazz music?

Possible Answers:

Impressionism

Futurism

Bauhaus

Cubism

Abstract Expressionism

Correct answer:

Abstract Expressionism

Explanation:

The eclectic, improvisational nature of jazz had a wide influence in other artistic forms. In particular, visual artists sought to take some of jazz's extemporaneous elements and apply them to painting and sculpture. This idea greatly influence Jackson Pollock's "drip method" and other aspects of Abstract Expressionist art from the 1940s and 1950s.

Example Question #458 : Ap Art History

210px-juan_gris_-_portrait_of_pablo_picasso_-_google_art_project

This paintings was created in the __________.

Possible Answers:

1920s

1930s

1890s

1910s

1940s

Correct answer:

1910s

Explanation:

Juan Gris' Portrait of Pablo Picasso from 1912 is an example of the artistic movement known as cubism. Cubism was developed by a variety of painters living in Paris around 1910, including the Spaniards Picasso and Gris, but also the Frenchmen Georges Braque and Fernand Léger. Cubism is defined by its deconstruction of its images to geographic shapes and mathematical forms.

Figure: Portrait of Pablo Picasso by Juan Gris (1912)

Example Question #459 : Ap Art History

210px-juan_gris_-_portrait_of_pablo_picasso_-_google_art_project

The movement that produced the above work was directly influenced by the artist __________.

Possible Answers:

Paul Cézanne

Gustave Courbet

Wassily Kandinsky

Jackson Pollock

Correct answer:

Paul Cézanne

Explanation:

In one sense, cubism seemed to appear as a radical new take on modern art, using geometric shapes to create strange and disturbing images that conformed little to what came before. An important influence, however, was the impressionist Paul Cézanne, whose still lifes and landscapes were less than direct representations of what he painted. Cézanne, like the cubists, used abstract ideas to create more emotionally realistic and biting images.

Figure: Portrait of Pablo Picasso by Juan Gris (1912)

Example Question #460 : Ap Art History

240px-Gustav_Klimt_016.jpg

All of the following statements are true of Gustav Klimt's The Kiss except __________.

Possible Answers:

The Kiss is a visual manifestation of fin-de-siecle spirit because it captures a decadence conveyed by opulent, sensuous images and also masks anxieties about an uncertain and foreboding future

it is reflective of Klimt's position as a well-established painter, accepted in the established conservative artist society in Vienna

the shimmering, extravagant flat patterning of the couple's bodies has clear ties to Art Nouveau and the Arts and Crafts movement

it reflects the fin-de-siecle flamboyance of the Austrian middle class, but tempers it with unsettling undertones

the depiction is reminiscent of the conflict between two and three dimensionality intrinsic to the work of Degas and other modernists

Correct answer:

it is reflective of Klimt's position as a well-established painter, accepted in the established conservative artist society in Vienna

Explanation:

Klimt rebelled against the established Viennese conservative artists society and formally banded with other artists to create the Vienna Secession. This group created their own exhibition program and called for greater integration between art objects and the surrounding interior environment.

Example Question #2 : Answering Other Questions About Twentieth Century 2 D Art

Which of the following statements is true of Post-Impressionism?

Possible Answers:

The four artists in particular who led the movement were Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Claude Monet, and Gustave Caillebotte.

Post-Impressionist rejected pointillism and divisionism as too analytical and not freely expressive enough to portray human emotions.

It was a movement instigated by artists who felt the Impressionists lacked too many of the traditional elements of picture making in their attempts to capture momentary sensations of light and color on canvas. 

The majority of Post-Impressionists rejected subjective expression in favor of objective representation.

Post-Impressionism sought to avoid reliance on formal elements such as color and form to express emotion and instead used well-known scenes and images to elicit viewer responses.

Correct answer:

It was a movement instigated by artists who felt the Impressionists lacked too many of the traditional elements of picture making in their attempts to capture momentary sensations of light and color on canvas. 

Explanation:

The Post-Impressionists developed out of the movement of Impressionism, but felt it necessary to more systematically examine the properties and expressive qualities of line, pattern, form, and color. Vincent van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Georges Seurat, and Paul Cezanne were leaders of this movement. 

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