AP Art History : Answering other questions about twentieth- and twenty-first-century architecture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Answering Other Questions About Twentieth And Twenty First Century Architecture

In designing the vacation home known as Fallingwater, Frank Lloyd Wright was heavily influenced by  ___________________.

Possible Answers:

Baroque architecture

Egyptian architecture

Japanese architecture

Gothic architecture

Correct answer:

Japanese architecture

Explanation:

While Fallingwater is a thoroughly modern building, constructed in straight lines made out of concrete, glass, and steel, Frank Lloyd Wright was heavily inspired by Japanese architecture. Fallingwater was designed as a natural retreat for its owners, which meant Wright had to carefully blend the house into nature. Considering its use of natural light and a sense of blending the indoor and outdoor space, the house features many approaches which are borrowed from Japanese architectural ideas.

Example Question #2 : Answering Other Questions About Twentieth And Twenty First Century Architecture

Le Corbusier's Five Points of Architecture are best captured in the building _____________________.

Possible Answers:

Farnsworth House

Fallingwater

Villa Savoye

Monticello

Correct answer:

Villa Savoye

Explanation:

Le Corbusier was both a practicing architect and an architectural theorist. These two identities were best joined in his design and construction of Villa Savoye outside of Paris. The building intentionally and forcefully followed Le Corbusier's manifesto Five Points of Architecture. The five points Villa Savoye followed were having pilotis that lifted the building off the ground, a functional roof that could be used as a garden, a free floor plan without load bearing walls allowing interior openness, large windows that provided vast amounts of natural light, and freely designed facades that acted merely as a skin on the outside of the building.

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