AP Art History : Answering other questions about sculpture of the Americas

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #168 : 3 D Art

Pre-Columbian art refers to the artistic endeavors of the indigenous populations of which areas prior to the mid-sixteenth century?

Possible Answers:

North, South and Central America and the Caribbean

Russia

Eastern Europe

China

Southeast Asia

Correct answer:

North, South and Central America and the Caribbean

Explanation:

The term "Pre-Columbian" refers to a time before European colonization of the Americas. The term can be deconstructed as "Before Columbus," as Christopher Columbus' arrival to the Americas is seen as the beginning of European influence in what was then known as the "new world."

Example Question #169 : 3 D Art

Art and architecture from which Mesoamerican civilization is arguably the most well known and studied, its creators having inhabited Mexico during the late postclassic period of the Pre-Columbian era, when the European colonization of the Americas began?

Possible Answers:

The Aztecs

The Inca

The Olmec

The Mayans

The Toltec

Correct answer:

The Aztecs

Explanation:

The Aztecs occupied a large portion of central Mexico and Mesoamerica from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century. They were the last surviving major civilization of the Mesoamerica by the time that Spanish sailors invaded the area. Much is known about their art and culture, as they were (historically-speaking) very recently conquered by Spain. Although Spain did destroy a very large amount of their artwork and culture as part of their takeover of Latin America, much remains, and was later studied.

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