AP Art History : Answering other questions about fourteenth- through sixteenth-century architecture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Answering Other Questions About Fourteenth Through Sixteenth Century Architecture

A key difference between churches built after the Protestant Reformation and those before the Protestant Reformation in Protestant areas is that __________.

Possible Answers:

the altar becomes a more central part of the church structure

the architectural details are more ornate

there is more division between the spaces for clergy and spaces for congregants

there is less statuary and religious imagery

Correct answer:

there is less statuary and religious imagery

Explanation:

Protestant theology greatly changed church architecture in Northern Europe after the sixteenth century. Catholic churches, even for the tiniest, poorest parishes, featured ornate statuary and imagery before the Reformation. The Protestant-built churches, by contrast, were much less ornate, featuring fewer images, with altars creating less of a barrier between clergy and congregants.

Example Question #2 : Visual Arts

Who was the Renaissance architect whose guidebook and personal neoclassical style was widely influential during the Enlightenment?

Possible Answers:

Christopher Wren

Inigo Jones

Leonardo da Vinci

William de Keyser

Andrea Palladio

Correct answer:

Andrea Palladio

Explanation:

The Italian architect Andrea Palladio was well known for his own buildings in his native Venice, but gained greater fame for the work of architectural theory he composed in 1570, The Four Books of Architecture. Drawing on Greek and Roman influences, Palladio called for symmetry, domes, columns, and grand spaces. Each of these elements would become hallmarks of neoclassical architecture during the eighteenth century.

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