AP Art History : Answering other questions about architecture of the Americas

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Answering Other Questions About Architecture Of The Americas

Mesoamerican architecture usually features the __________.

Possible Answers:

thatched roof

stepped pyramid

flying buttress

minaret

Correct answer:

stepped pyramid

Explanation:

In Mayan, Toltec, and Aztec architecture, the chief building style was the large stepped pyramid, which allowed it to be climbed entirely. These pyramids were the center of any settlements, and were frequently utilized by the priest-kings of these cultures for ceremonial and administrative purposes. After centuries of neglect, these massive structures are usually the only elements of Mesoamerican architecture that remain.

Example Question #1 : Answering Other Questions About Architecture Of The Americas

Mayan architecture was dominated by what kind of building?

Possible Answers:

The galleried temple

The onion dome

The pyramid

The minaret

The vaulted hall

Correct answer:

The pyramid

Explanation:

All Mayan cities and temple structures revolved around the pyramid. Typically featuring steps to the top of the pyramid and terraces, the Mayas used the pyramid for temples, palaces, and most other important buildings. The use of the pyramid was highly influential for later Mesoamerican cultures, such as the Aztecs.

Example Question #2 : Answering Other Questions About Architecture Of The Americas

Panorama of monte alban from the south platform

The pre-Columbian civilization responsible for the construction of Monte Albán, pictured above, occupied and culturally dominated which area of modern day Mexico?

Possible Answers:

Tabasco

Durango

Oaxaca

Nuevo León

Chiapas

Correct answer:

Oaxaca

Explanation:

The Zapotec civilization of pre-Columbian Latin America occupied and culturally dominated the area of Mexico now known as the state of Oaxaca. The largest piece of evidence of their occupation of Oaxaca is the ancient city of Monte Albán, located only a few miles outside of the current capital of the state of Oaxaca, Oaxaca City.

Image accessed at: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Panorama_of_Monte_Alban_from_the_South_Platform.jpg

Photograph by Matt Saunder

Example Question #3 : Answering Other Questions About Architecture Of The Americas

Telamones tula

When the Aztecs discovered the abandoned Toltec city in Hidalgo, Mexico, where these Atlantean figures are located, what did they imagine the pillars represented?

Possible Answers:

An ancient warrior race from a distant land

Mitla gods

Aztec gods, such as Quetzalcoatl

None of these

Coatlicue, the Mother of all Gods

Correct answer:

Aztec gods, such as Quetzalcoatl

Explanation:

While Atlatean figures are generally carved to represent fierce, bellicose men, when the Aztecs found these pillars centuries after the Toltecs abandoned their city, they imagined that the pillars represented their own gods, such as Quetzalcoatl, and considered the city itself divine. They even went so far as to consider the Toltec civilization their own ancestors, and told and recorded multitudes of stories of the exploits of the Toltec people.

Image accessed at: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Telamones_Tula.jpg

Photograph by Luidger

Example Question #5 : Answering Other Questions About Architecture Of The Americas

Telamones tula

What were Atlantean figures, such as the ones found in Tula, Hidalgo, created by the Toltecs, originally meant to represent?

Possible Answers:

Fierce warriors

Quetzalcoatl

Victims of human sacrifice

Tlaloc

Huitzilopochtli

Correct answer:

Fierce warriors

Explanation:

Although the Aztec people thought that the Toltec civilization, as their supposed ancestors (according to them, at least), had carved out depictions of their gods, such as Quetzalcoatl, in actuality, the Atlantean figures are meant to represent fierce warriors.

Image accessed at: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Telamones_Tula.jpg

Photograph by Luidger

Example Question #4 : Answering Other Questions About Architecture Of The Americas

Telamones tula

Who or what was responsible for the destruction or disappearance of the civilization that left behind these Atlantean figures, found in Tula, Hidalgo?

Possible Answers:

Spanish conquerors besieged the Mayan city and built their own atop its ruins

It is unknown what truly happened to the Toltec civilization

The Toltec civilization was destroyed by a raiding war band of the nomadic Olmec civilization

It is unknown what truly happened to the Olmec civilization

A strong hurricane destroyed Tenochtitlan and its surrounding areas, since it had been built on a lake, and therefore wiped out the Aztec civilization

Correct answer:

It is unknown what truly happened to the Toltec civilization

Explanation:

Although the Aztec civilization provides its own written mythology as to the conquests, exploits and history of the Toltec civilization, as they considered the Toltec people to be their ancestors, it is actually unknown what eventually caused the decline and disappearance of the Toltec civilization, which is the civilization that left the ruins of a great city in Tula, Hidalgo, along with the Atlantean figures pictures above.

Image accessed at: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Telamones_Tula.jpg

Photograph by Luidger

Example Question #7 : Answering Other Questions About Architecture Of The Americas

Cliff Palace is stone and mud mortar building set into the side of a mountain by the ancient Puebloan people, also known as Anasazi.   

What was the architectural center of a family unit for the Anasazi at places like Cliff Palace?

Possible Answers:

The fire pit

Sipapu- a hole in the ground used for ceremonial purposes

Kivas- circular, underground rooms

A master bedroom

The main kitchen

Correct answer:

Kivas- circular, underground rooms

Explanation:

The architectural center for a family was a kiva. A kiva contained the fire pit and the Sipapu. These spaces were covered by wood roofs and are sometimes still used by Puebloan people for ceremonies.

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