AP Art History : Analyzing twentieth- and twenty-first-century architecture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Analyzing Twentieth And Twenty First Century Architecture

The architect who was most important in the development of the geodesic dome was __________.

Possible Answers:

Frank Lloyd Wright

Buckminster Fuller

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Frank Gehry

Correct answer:

Buckminster Fuller

Explanation:

A geodesic dome is a dome that features small triangle shapes over its face, which are created through the intersection of circles throughout what would be the total sphere. These triangles allow for the stress of the building's weight to be distributed over its entire structure, which allowed larger domes to be built in the twentieth century. The innovative architect Buckminster Fuller first demonstrated the architecture was possible, actively sought out opportunities to build domes, and coined the term "geodesic dome."

Example Question #2 : Analyzing Twentieth And Twenty First Century Architecture

The Chrysler Building is a chief example of what artistic movement?

Possible Answers:

Art Deco

Modernism

Futurism

Abstract Expressionism

Bauhaus

Correct answer:

Art Deco

Explanation:

The Chrysler Building in midtown Manhattan was the tallest building in the world for eleven months, spanning from its completion in May of 1930 to the completion of the Empire State Building. Apart from sheer size, the Chrysler building was also notable as a shining example of Art Deco design. The building's brick artifice, metal crown, and use of modern technological design all were exactly in line with Art Deco's chief features.

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