AP Art History : Analyzing Near Eastern 2D art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP Art History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Analyzing Near Eastern 2 D Art

Bd hunefer

The medium in which this work was created was _____________________.

Possible Answers:

carving in stone

oil on canvas

paint on papyrus

mosaic in tile

Correct answer:

paint on papyrus

Explanation:

As the Book of the Dead, from which the Last Judgment of Hu-Nefer was taken, was seen by Egyptians as a crucial guide for the deceased buried in a tomb, portability was desirable. Placing it on papyrus, with a straightforward painting, made it relatively less imposing than carved stone or massive wall frescoes, but also easier to read through the different sections.

Image is in the public domain, accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:BD_Hunefer.jpg

Example Question #2 : Analyzing Near Eastern 2 D Art

Which of the following best explains the intended function of lamassus?

625px human headed winged bull profile

Possible Answers:

They were meant to ward off evil spirits

They were meant to tell stories

They were meant to be offerings to the gods

They were meant to denote specific areas of the citadel

They were simply meant to be decorative and had no deeper meaning

Correct answer:

They were meant to ward off evil spirits

Explanation:

Lamassus were believed to be atropopaic, or imbued with the power to ward off evil spirits or bad luck. They were placed outside the king's citadel to protect against just that. They would also be placed in gateways as guardians under archways.

Image is in the public domain, accessed through Wikipedia Media Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Human_headed_winged_bull_profile.jpg

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