Ancient History: Rome : The Founding of Rome

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Rome

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : The Founding Of Rome

Romulus was _____________.

Possible Answers:

None of these

the legendary founder of Rome

the twin brother of Remus, the legendary founder of Rome

the main, Zeus-like deity of early Roman religion

Correct answer:

the legendary founder of Rome

Explanation:

Romulus was the legendary founder of Rome. Romulus and Remus were, indeed brothers, but Romulus killed Remus prior to founding Rome.

Example Question #2 : The Founding Of Rome

Romulus and Remus are central characters in __________.

Possible Answers:

the establishment of the Roman Republic

the Trojan War

the First Punic War

the story of the foundation of Rome

the Roman myth of creation

Correct answer:

the story of the foundation of Rome

Explanation:

Romulus and Remus are central characters in the legendary story of the foundation of Rome. According to Roman tradition, Romulus and Remus were abandoned as boys and raised by a she-wolf. When they became adults, they decided to found a city, but could not agree as to where. The resulting quarrel ended in Remus’ death. Romulus subsequently founded the city of Rome on the sight of the Palatine Hill.

Example Question #3 : The Founding Of Rome

Which of these best describes Latium?

Possible Answers:

The protolanguage from which Latin evolved.

The mountain range that runs through central Italy and protects the city of Rome from invasion.

The people who first settled on the Italian peninsula more than twenty thousand years ago.

The region of southern Italy where the Roman language first emerged.

The region of central Italy where the city of Rome was founded.

Correct answer:

The region of central Italy where the city of Rome was founded.

Explanation:

Latium is a region of central Italy. It is where the city of Rome was founded in antiquity and thus grew to be the seat of the sprawling Roman Empire.

Example Question #4 : The Founding Of Rome

According to legend, Rome was founded on __________.

Possible Answers:

seven hills

a river of gold

the mouth of the underworld

a marble quarry

marshland

Correct answer:

seven hills

Explanation:

According to legend, Rome was founded on seven hills. Roman tradition stated that Romulus founded the initial city of Rome on the central Palatine Hill and that this settlement gradually joined with the settlements on six neighboring hills to form the larger city of Rome.

Example Question #5 : Ancient History: Rome

Although Roman myth states that Rome was founded by refugees fleeing the Trojan War, it was most likely founded by the __________.

Possible Answers:

Latin and Etruscan people

Dacian people

Greek and Phoenician people

Iberian people

Gallic people

Correct answer:

Latin and Etruscan people

Explanation:

Roman myth generally stated that Rome was founded either by refugees fleeing the Trojan War, or else was founded by two brothers Romulus and Remus. The city of Rome , however, was most likely founded by Latin and Etruscan people who lived in the area around Rome throughout antiquity.

Example Question #5 : The Founding Of Rome

This mountain range in northern Italy serves as a barrier between Roman territory and “barbarian” lands?

Possible Answers:

Urals

Apennines

Alps

Pyrenees

Andes

Correct answer:

Alps

Explanation:

The Alps mountain range runs through central-southern Europe and separates the Italian peninsula from the rest of the continent. In the early years of the Roman Republic, the Alps served as a natural barrier that prevented barbarian invasion.

Example Question #6 : The Founding Of Rome

What is the name of the river that runs through Rome?

Possible Answers:

the Rhone

the Tiber

the Danube

the Thames

the Rhine

Correct answer:

the Tiber

Explanation:

The Tiber is the name of the river that runs through Rome. The original city of Rome was built to the east of the Tiber River, but the city eventually grew so that the Tiber runs through the city.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: