Ancient History: Rome : Rise of Rome

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Rome

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Rise Of Rome

At the beginning of the Punic Wars, __________.

Possible Answers:

Carthage was ruled by the infamous dictator, Hannibal

the Roman Republic was mired in a decades long civil war

the Roman Republic was larger than the declining Carthaginian Empire

Carthaginian territory was far larger than Rome's

the Roman Republic was allied with Carthage

Correct answer:

Carthaginian territory was far larger than Rome's

Explanation:

At the beginning of the Punic Wars, Carthage was the dominant power in the Mediterranean. The Carthaginian Empire spanned much of North Africa, the Iberian peninsula, the coast of southern France, and many islands close to Rome. The Punic Wars were fought over a period of approximately one-hundred years and ended with the destruction of Carthage and the domination of Rome over the entire Mediterranean.

Example Question #2 : Rise Of Rome

The Samnite War was instrumental in the Roman conquest of __________.

Possible Answers:

Carthage

Gaul

Italy

Egypt

Greece

Correct answer:

Italy

Explanation:

The Samnite War was one of the many wars fought by the Roman Republic in the fourth and third centuries BCE for control over the Italian peninsula. Like the Latin War and the Pyrrhic War, the Samnite War ended in victory for the Roman Republic and the growth of Roman territory on the Italian peninsula.

Example Question #3 : Rise Of Rome

The Battle of Regillus was fought between __________.

Possible Answers:

two competing factions within the Roman Republic

the Roman Kingdom and the Etruscans

the Roman Republic and Carthage

the Roman Republic and the Etruscans

the Roman Republic and the Latin League

Correct answer:

the Roman Republic and the Latin League

Explanation:

The Battle of Regillus was fought in 496 BCE between the Roman Republic and the forces of the Latin League led by the deposed Roman king Tarquinius Superbus. It ended in victory for the Roman Republic and the final defeat of Rome’s last monarch.

 

Example Question #4 : Rise Of Rome

The Latin War of the fourth century BCE led to __________.

Possible Answers:

the dissolution of the Latin League and its incorporation into Roman territory

the emergence of the Latin League and a temporary loss of the autonomy of the Roman Republic

the dissolution of the Latin League and a prolonged civil war in the Roman Republic

the dissolution of the Latin League and the establishment of several independent city-states in central Italy

a prolonged civil war in the Roman Republic and the emergence of the Latin League

Correct answer:

the dissolution of the Latin League and its incorporation into Roman territory

Explanation:

The Latin War was fought between the growing Roman Republic and the weakening Latin League in the mid-fourth century BCE. The Latin League was a loose confederation of towns and city-states who grouped their militaries together to provide mutual protection. In the years leading up to the war, Rome had taken effective control over the Latin League. In 340 BCE certain members of the League rebelled against what they saw as heavy-handed Roman government. The war was swiftly won by the Romans, who completely dissolved the Latin League and incorporated all of its territory into their growing dominion.

Example Question #5 : Rise Of Rome

The Battle of Philippi was part of the __________.

Possible Answers:

Wars of the Second Triumvirate

First Punic War

Third Punic War

Gallic Wars

Roman conquest of Egypt

Correct answer:

Wars of the Second Triumvirate

Explanation:

The Battle of Philippi was part of the Wars of the Second Triumvirate. It was fought between the army of Octavian and Mark Antony and the forces led by the tyrannicides (those who conspired to murder Julius Caesar). It ended in victory for the Second Triumvirate and consolidated their control over the territory of the Roman Republic. It also witnessed the suicide of Brutus and Cassius, the two main rivals to the political hegemony of the Second Triumvirate.

Example Question #6 : Rise Of Rome

Which of these statements about Gaius Marius is accurate?

Possible Answers:

All of these statements about Gaius Marius are accurate.

He enacted a series of successful reforms to the Roman military.

He led a failed rebellion against the Roman Republic.

He led a failed attempt to reform land ownership in the Roman Republic.

None of these statements about Gaius Marius are accurate.

Correct answer:

He enacted a series of successful reforms to the Roman military.

Explanation:

Gaius Marius was a Roman consul towards the end of the history of the Roman Republic. He was elected as consul an unprecedented number of times and was instrumental in the transition from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. Specifically, Gaius Marius is notable for the successful reforms he made to the Roman military. He created professional standing armies and authorized the recruitment of landless peasants into the Roman army.

Example Question #7 : Rise Of Rome

Mark Antony allied with __________ of __________ in his war with Octavian.

Possible Answers:

Hannibal, Carthage

Cleopatra, Egypt

Periander, Corinth

Ataxerxes III, Persia

Dido, Carthage

Correct answer:

Cleopatra, Egypt

Explanation:

In the Final War of the Roman Republic, Octavian and Mark Antony fought against one another for sole control of the entire Roman territory. During the rule of the Second Triumvirate, Mark Antony had lived in Alexandria with the Egyptian ruler Cleopatra. The decisive battle of the Final War of the Roman Republic occurred in 31 BCE. The Battle of Actium was a naval engagement fought between the forces of Octavian and the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra. It ended in complete victory for Octavian. Shortly thereafter, Mark Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide, thus ending the war and bringing to a close the history of the Roman Republic.

Example Question #8 : Rise Of Rome

The Tarquin Monarchy was in power __________.

Possible Answers:

after the Marian Reforms

before Lucius Sulla staged a coup and reinstated the Republic

during the first civil war of the Roman Republic

during the second civil war of the Roman Republic

before the rise of the Roman Republic

Correct answer:

before the rise of the Roman Republic

Explanation:

The Tarquin Monarchy ruled the city of Rome in the waning years of the Roman Kingdom. The rulers of the Tarquin Monarchy were in power before the rise of the Roman Republic in 507 BCE. Also, due to their great antiquity, they are somewhat legendary figures whose lives cannot be reliably confirmed.

Example Question #9 : Rise Of Rome

The Battle of Gergovia is notable because __________.

Possible Answers:

it led to the first sack of the city of Rome in five centuries

Marcus Lepidus died

Caesar was defeated by the Gauls

Mark Antony was defeated and forced into exile

Marcus Crassus died

Correct answer:

Caesar was defeated by the Gauls

Explanation:

The Battle of Gergovia was fought in 52 BCE between the Gallic forces of Vercingetorix and the forces of the Roman Republic led by Julius Caesar. It ended in victory for the Gauls and forced the temporary withdrawal of the Roman army.

Example Question #10 : Rise Of Rome

The Roman province of Gaul included significant amounts of territory from which two modern European countries?

Possible Answers:

Denmark and the Netherlands

Germany and Poland

Belgium and France

Britain and Ireland

Spain and France

Correct answer:

Belgium and France

Explanation:

The Roman province of Gaul, conquered by Julius Caesar in 50 BCE, included significant amounts of territory in modern-day France and Belgium.

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