Ancient History: Rome : Religion and Philosophy

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Rome

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Religion And Philosophy

What was the name of the Roman counterpart to the Ares, the Greek god of war?

Possible Answers:

Mercurius

Jupiter

Juno

Ceres

Mars

Correct answer:

Mars

Explanation:

The Roman god of war was named Mars. In Roman mythology, Mars was the father of Romulus and Remus, the two supposed founders of Rome.

Inspiration for Mars was taken from Ares, the god of war in Ancient Greek Mythology. The myths and legends of Ares were often taken and reinterpreted in Roman literature with Mars taking the place of Ares.

Example Question #2 : Religion And Philosophy

The Roman God Janus was principally the God of __________.

Possible Answers:

money and good fortune

fisherman and sailors

doors and gateways

books and learning

the forest

Correct answer:

doors and gateways

Explanation:

The Roman God Janus was principally the God of doors and gateways. In Roman tradition Janus also rules over beginnings and ends, making him the natural God to be celebrated at the end of a war. Janus has no equivalent in Greek mythology.

Example Question #3 : Religion And Philosophy

Diana was the Roman Goddess of __________.

Possible Answers:

the harvest and rain

hunting and the moon

death and the underworld

fertility and the sun

motherhood and childbirth

Correct answer:

hunting and the moon

Explanation:

Diana was the Roman Goddess of hunting, the moon, nature, and wild animals. After the Roman conquest of Greece, Diana came to be associated with the Greek Goddess Artemis.

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