Ancient History: Rome : Religion and Philosophy

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Rome

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Religion And Philosophy

What was the name of the Roman counterpart to the Ares, the Greek god of war?

Possible Answers:

Mars

Jupiter

Mercurius

Juno

Ceres

Correct answer:

Mars

Explanation:

The Roman god of war was named Mars. In Roman mythology, Mars was the father of Romulus and Remus, the two supposed founders of Rome.

Inspiration for Mars was taken from Ares, the god of war in Ancient Greek Mythology. The myths and legends of Ares were often taken and reinterpreted in Roman literature with Mars taking the place of Ares.

Example Question #2 : Religion And Philosophy

The Roman God Janus was principally the God of __________.

Possible Answers:

money and good fortune

books and learning

doors and gateways

the forest

fisherman and sailors

Correct answer:

doors and gateways

Explanation:

The Roman God Janus was principally the God of doors and gateways. In Roman tradition Janus also rules over beginnings and ends, making him the natural God to be celebrated at the end of a war. Janus has no equivalent in Greek mythology.

Example Question #3 : Religion And Philosophy

Diana was the Roman Goddess of __________.

Possible Answers:

death and the underworld

hunting and the moon

motherhood and childbirth

the harvest and rain

fertility and the sun

Correct answer:

hunting and the moon

Explanation:

Diana was the Roman Goddess of hunting, the moon, nature, and wild animals. After the Roman conquest of Greece, Diana came to be associated with the Greek Goddess Artemis.

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