Ancient History: Rome : Punic Wars and the Takeover of Greece

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Rome

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Punic Wars And The Takeover Of Greece

The Punic Wars were fought between the Roman Empire and which ancient civilization?

Possible Answers:

Carthage

Ethiopia

Gaul

Britain

Macedonia

Correct answer:

Carthage

Explanation:

There were three Punic wars, fought between the empires of Rome and Carthage from 264 BCE to 146 BCE. The Second Punic War is arguably the most well-known, involving Hannibal's infamous crossing of the Alps with his war elephants. The Third Punic War ended with Rome's victory and the destruction of Carthage.

Example Question #2 : Punic Wars And The Takeover Of Greece

Hannibal was a __________ military commander during the Second Punic War.

Possible Answers:

Egyptian

Ostrogothic

Carthaginian

Macedonian

Persian

Correct answer:

Carthaginian

Explanation:

Hannibal was a Carthaginian military commander during the Second Punic War. He is often remembered as one of the finest military leaders in history. He famously led an army of elephants through the Alps and attacked the Roman Republic at the outset of the Second Punic War. Hannibal led a devastating Carthaginian occupation of mainland Italy for more than a decade before a Roman counterattack forced him to return to North Africa. He was promptly defeated by the great Roman general Scipio Africanus at the Battle of Zama.

Example Question #3 : Punic Wars And The Takeover Of Greece

Scipio Africanus is remembered for __________.

Possible Answers:

his skillful military command

establishing Roman colonies in North Africa

leading the failed Roman invasion of Carthage

conquering Egypt and Anatolia for the Roman Empire

his philosophical contributions

Correct answer:

his skillful military command

Explanation:

Scipio Africanus is remembered as one of the most accomplished military commanders of all time. He was a contemporary of Hannibal and the two fought against one another in Italy and North Africa. Scipio Africanus led the army of the Roman Republic against the Carthaginian army of Hannibal at the Battle of Zama. His brilliant military strategy led to the destruction of Hannibal’s army and forced the Carthaginian government to sue for peace.

Example Question #4 : Punic Wars And The Takeover Of Greece

Hannibal is partly famous for leading an army of __________ through the Alps to attack the Roman Republic.

Possible Answers:

horse archers

camel archers

trebuchets

elephants

janissaries

Correct answer:

elephants

Explanation:

Hannibal is one of the most famous and revered generals in military history. He led the Carthaginian army in the Second Punic War. Perhaps his most famous accomplishment occurred when he led an army, including a large regiment of war elephants, through the Alps to attack the Roman Republic. Hannibal was eventually defeated by Scipio Africanus, which forced the Carthaginian government to surrender to the demands of the Roman Republic.

Example Question #5 : Punic Wars And The Takeover Of Greece

Pyrrhus of Epirus is notable for __________.

Possible Answers:

the innovative military tactics he introduced to the Roman legions

leading the Roman invasion of Carthaginian North Africa

the assassination of the Carthaginian general, Hannibal

leading the Greek struggle against Roman expansion

conquering the island of Sicily for the Roman Republic

Correct answer:

leading the Greek struggle against Roman expansion

Explanation:

Pyrrhus of Epirus is notable for leading the Greek struggle against the expansion of the Roman Republic in the third century BCE. The Pyrrhic War, fought between Rome (supported by Carthage) and much of the Greek-speaking world, is named after him.

Example Question #6 : Punic Wars And The Takeover Of Greece

What was the final result of the Third Punic War?

Possible Answers:

The destruction of Carthage

The Roman conquest of Egypt

The downfall of the Roman Republic

The sack of Rome

The Roman conquest of Gaul

Correct answer:

The destruction of Carthage

Explanation:

Rome, having defeated Carthage in the First and Second Punic Wars, waged the Third Punic War to finish off the Carthaginian Empire. The war was fought from 149 BCE to 146 BCE and ended in the complete destruction of Carthage, the enslavement or execution of the Carthaginian people, and the annexation of all Carthaginian territory by the Roman Republic. After victory in the Third Punic War, Roman hegemony was virtually unopposed in the Mediterranean.

Example Question #7 : Punic Wars And The Takeover Of Greece

The Battle of Zama __________.

Possible Answers:

led directly to the sack of Rome by the Ostrogoths and Visigoths

was a turning point in the First Punic War

was a turning point in the Second Punic War

led directly to the sack of Rome by the Carthaginian forces of Hannibal

completed the Roman conquest of Egypt

Correct answer:

was a turning point in the Second Punic War

Explanation:

The Battle of Zama was fought in Carthaginian North Africa in 202 BCE. It was the decisive battle of the Second Punic War. It ended in the complete destruction of Hannibal’s Carthaginian army and forced Carthage to sue for peace. This battle is incredibly important because it marks the end of the rivalry between Carthage and the Roman Republic for control over the Mediterranean.

Example Question #8 : Punic Wars And The Takeover Of Greece

Achaea and Epirus were __________.

Possible Answers:

two Roman provinces on the mainland of Greece

both destroyed during the Roman conquest of Carthage

two Aegean islands which rebelled against Roman authority

two Roman provinces on the British Isles

both destroyed during the Roman conquest of Greece

Correct answer:

two Roman provinces on the mainland of Greece

Explanation:

After the Roman conquest of Greece, the formerly Greek territory was divided into two provinces to be administered by a Roman proconsul. Those provinces were called Achaea and Epirus. To administer their vast territories, the Roman Republic installed proconsuls (or governors) to rule over individual provinces.

Example Question #9 : Punic Wars And The Takeover Of Greece

Sardinia and Corsica __________.

Possible Answers:

rebelled against the Roman Republic in the First Punic War

were both provinces in Roman Greece

were both provinces in Roman North Africa

are both islands off the coast of Italy

are both frontier towns in northern Italy

Correct answer:

are both islands off the coast of Italy

Explanation:

Sardinia and Corsica are both islands off the coast of Italy. They were both controlled by the Carthaginian Empire until the Roman Republic conquered them during the First Punic War.

Example Question #10 : Punic Wars And The Takeover Of Greece

The First Punic War was primarily fought __________.

Possible Answers:

for control of Sicily

between competing factions in the Roman Republic

for control of the Black Sea

between the Roman Republic and the Persian Empire

to distract the Roman population from class divisions in the city of Rome

Correct answer:

for control of Sicily

Explanation:

The First Punic War was fought between Carthage and the Roman Republic for two decades in the middle of the third century BCE. The First Punic War was primarily fought for control over the island of Sicily. At the beginning of the war, Sicily (an island just off the southern coast of Italy), was under the control of the sprawling Carthaginian Empire. At the end of the First Punic War, Sicily was controlled by the Roman Republic.

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