Ancient History: Rome : Etruscan expansion

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Rome

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Etruscan Expansion

The Etruscans __________.

Possible Answers:

fought against the Roman Republic in the First Punic War

served as mercenaries in the armies of the Roman Empire

aided the Roman conquest of mainland Greece

sacked the city of Rome during the third century BCE

controlled much of Northern Italy before the rise of the Roman Republic

Correct answer:

controlled much of Northern Italy before the rise of the Roman Republic

Explanation:

The Etruscans controlled much of northern Italy before the rise of the Roman Republic. The Etruscans fought against the Roman Republic in the early years of the latter’s rise, but were eventually overwhelmed by the growing power of Rome.

Example Question #2 : Etruscan Expansion

Around what time period was the Etruscan civilization beginning? 

Possible Answers:

200 BCE

400 CE

500 CE

800 BCE

300 BCE

Correct answer:

800 BCE

Explanation:

The Etruscan Empire was founded before the beginning of the common era. The civilization was over run around 300 BCE and began at 800 BCE. This is another question where understanding the time frames of the Roman Empire is crucial. We know to eliminate the CE options. Then when we go back and look at the historical facts, we know that the empire was revamped and refounded around 800 BCE.

Example Question #1 : Etruscan Expansion

Where was Etruria related in relation to Rome?

Possible Answers:

to the south; in the Mediterranean

to the north; on the Italian peninsula

to the west; on the Iberian peninsula

to the south; on the Italian peninsula

to the east; in the Black Sea

Correct answer:

to the north; on the Italian peninsula

Explanation:

Etruria is a region of north-central Italy, where the Etruscan people originated, and for a time, came to dominate the Italian peninsula. In relation to Rome, Etruria was directly to the north. In ancient times, the Etruscan people of Etruria were rivals of the Latin people of Latium.

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