Ancient History: Greece : Travel and Contact with Foreign Cultures

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Greece

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Travel And Contact With Foreign Cultures

Which of these people rivaled the ancient Greeks in the colonization of the Mediterranean during the Archaic Era?

Possible Answers:

The Egyptians

The Phoenicians

The Babylonians

The Assyrians

The Romans

Correct answer:

The Phoenicians

Explanation:

During the Archaic Era, the ancient Greeks established colonies all over the Mediterranean world. These colonies were often established by private individuals, seeking wealth and fortune and access to raw materials (particularly metals). The ancient Greeks were not the only people engaged in this pursuit during this time period. The Phoenician people, of modern-day Lebanon, were prominent traders in the Mediterranean and established many colonies in Spain, North Africa, Sicily, and Sardinia.

Example Question #2 : Travel And Contact With Foreign Cultures

Which of these statements about the Olympics is inaccurate?

Possible Answers:

They were dominated by Spartan athletes

They were open to all male Greeks

They were held every four years

They were held a city in the Peloponnese

They were accompanied with a suspension of war

Correct answer:

They were dominated by Spartan athletes

Explanation:

The Olympics were held in the city of Olympia, in the Peloponnese, every four years, beginning in 776 BCE. The Olympics were open to all male Greeks, although in practice only those who were wealthy enough to train and travel could participate. Additionally, the Olympics were accompanied by a suspension of war and conflict so that athletes could travel safely to Olympia from all over the Greek world. In this way, the Olympics represent the growing sense of Panhellenism that was emerging in ancient Greek society in the early Archaic Era. There is little evidence, however, to suggest that the Olympics were dominated by the athletes from any one city-state. Indeed, ancient Greek athletes competed for their own individual glory and prestige, not on behalf of some larger political community like athletes do today.

Example Question #3 : Travel And Contact With Foreign Cultures

Which of these best describes the city of Croton?

Possible Answers:

An Etruscan city in northern Italy which went to war against Magna Graecia.

A Phoenician colony in North Africa which rivaled Greek colonies in this area.

A Greek city-state in northern Greece which controlled access to Mount Olympus.

A Greek colony in southern Italy, founded by settlers from the Peloponnese.

A Greek city-state in Ionia which led the rebellion against the Persian Empire.

Correct answer:

A Greek colony in southern Italy, founded by settlers from the Peloponnese.

Explanation:

Croton was founded in the late eighth century BCE by settlers from the Peloponnese (a region in southern Greece). Croton was one of the larger and more significant Greek colonies in southern Italy.

Example Question #4 : Travel And Contact With Foreign Cultures

The identifying term Magna Graecia refers to __________.

Possible Answers:

Greek colonies established in Anatolia

ancient Greek settlements in southern Italy

ancient Greek settlements in North Africa

Greek colonies established along the shores of the Black Sea

the rule of Hellenistic culture in Egypt after the conquests of Alexander the Great

Correct answer:

ancient Greek settlements in southern Italy

Explanation:

The term Magna Graecia is a Roman term meaning “Great Greece.” It refers to the ancient Greek settlements in southern Italy and on the island of Sicily. During the period of time before the rise of the Roman Republic, Greek settlements were dominant in southern Italy. This had a lasting impact on the development of Roman and Italian culture.

Example Question #5 : Travel And Contact With Foreign Cultures

Which of these best describes Syracuse?

Possible Answers:

A powerful northern Greek city-state and a constant menace to Athenian society.

A Phoenician colony founded in North Africa.

A powerful southern Greek city-state and a reliable ally of Athens.

A Greek colony founded in North Africa.

A Greek colony founded in Sicily.

Correct answer:

A Greek colony founded in Sicily.

Explanation:

Syracuse was founded on the island of Sicily during the early years of the Archaic Era. Syracuse was probably the most powerful Greek colony in Magna Graecia (the Roman name for Greek Italy) for much of the history of the ancient Greeks. Notably, Syracuse was a reliable ally of Sparta and fought against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.

 

Example Question #6 : Travel And Contact With Foreign Cultures

The Phrygian Kingdom was famous in Greek society __________.

Possible Answers:

as the birthplace of philosophy

for its extraordinary wealth and reserves of gold

as the birthplace of Achilles

for its martial prowess

for its literary accomplishments and impressive library

Correct answer:

for its extraordinary wealth and reserves of gold

Explanation:

The Phrygian Kingdom was located in Anatolia, and was powerful in the eighth, seventh, and sixth centuries BCE. It’s most famous ruler was Midas, who is still somewhat famous today (everything he touches turns to gold). The Phrygian Kingdom was very famous in Greek society for its extraordinary wealth and reserves of gold.

Example Question #7 : Travel And Contact With Foreign Cultures

Which of these regions was not colonized by ancient Greeks during the Archaic and Classical Eras?

Possible Answers:

Anatolia

North Africa

Southern Italy

Southern France

none; all of these regions were colonized by the ancient Greeks

Correct answer:

none; all of these regions were colonized by the ancient Greeks

Explanation:

Beginning during the Greek Dark Ages, and lasting through the Classical Era, ancient Greeks colonized the Mediterranean world in large numbers. They reached as far as Spain and North Africa in the west and Anatolia in the east. The impact of these colonizations would have far reaching consequences, including the spread of Hellenistic culture (accelerated by the conquests of Alexander the Great) across much of the known world.

Example Question #8 : Travel And Contact With Foreign Cultures

The Lydian people, living in the Middle East, invented __________, which soon passed into Greek society.

Possible Answers:

metal coinage

iron metallurgy

galleys

republicanism

bronze weaponry

Correct answer:

metal coinage

Explanation:

The Lydian people were a small kingdom that thrived in the Middle East shortly before the rise of the Persian Empire (the Lydians were conquered by the Persians). The Lydians invented metal coinage, which they passed on to other societies in this part of the world, including the ancient Greeks and Romans.

Example Question #9 : Travel And Contact With Foreign Cultures

The Etruscans were a civilization that thrived in __________ and traded extensively with the ancient Greeks and Phoenicians.

Possible Answers:

Egypt

Spain

Italy

Anatolia

North Africa

Correct answer:

Italy

Explanation:

The Etruscans were the pre-eminent power in northern and central Italy before the rise of the Roman Republic in the fifth century BCE. The Etruscans traded extensively with the ancient Greeks and Phoenicians.

Example Question #10 : Travel And Contact With Foreign Cultures

Which region was the focus of eighth and seventh BCE Greek colonization?

Possible Answers:

Black Sea

Southern Spain and France

Sicily and Southern Italy

North Africa

Crete

Correct answer:

Sicily and Southern Italy

Explanation:

The earliest Greek colonial efforts were directed to southern Italy and Sicily, Magna Graecia. According to literary sources, Pithekoussai (Ischia) was the first Greek colony after the Bronze Age. No until the later 6th c. BCE did Greek city-states seriously colonize other regions of the Mediterranean.

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