Ancient History: Egypt : Alexander's Conquer

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Ancient History: Egypt

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Alexander's Conquer

The Argead Dynasty ruled Egypt during the early years of __________.

Possible Answers:

Nubian rule

Babylonian rule

Assyrian rule

Hellenistic rule

Persian rule

Correct answer:

Hellenistic rule

Explanation:

The Argead Dynasty is the name of the ruling dynasty of Macedon. Both Philip II and Alexander the Great were members of the Argead Dynasty. The Argead Dynasty ruled Egypt during the first few years of Hellenistic (Greek) rule. The Argead Dynasty was replaced by the Ptolemaic Kingdom shortly after the death of Alexander the Great.

Example Question #2 : Alexander's Conquer

Who were the Diadochi?

Possible Answers:

The generals of Alexander the Great who fought to control his territory after he died.

Theologians and philosophers who lived in Alexandria during the rule of the Ptolemaic Kingdom.

Missionaries who spread Zoroastrianism around Egypt during the rule of the Persian Empire.

The Greek rulers of Egypt who refused to assimilate into Egyptian culture.

The leaders of the successful rebellion against the Persian Empire and the founders of the twenty-eighth dynasty.

Correct answer:

The generals of Alexander the Great who fought to control his territory after he died.

Explanation:

The Diadochi were the generals and close friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control of his territory after he died. One of the Diadochi, Ptolemy I Soter, took control of Alexander’s territory in Egypt and founded the Ptolemaic Kingdom.

Example Question #3 : Alexander's Conquer

Alexander the Great established a __________ Kingdom in Egypt.

Possible Answers:

Persian

Dacian

Hellenistic

Scythian

Roman

Correct answer:

Hellenistic

Explanation:

Alexander the Great was a Macedonian conqueror who led the armies of Greece on a vast campaign across Eurasia in the fourth century BCE. Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire and established a Hellenistic (Greek) Kingdom in Egypt. Hellenistic Egypt would persist from the death of Alexander, in 323 BCE until the Roman occupation three centuries later.

Example Question #4 : Alexander's Conquer

In what century did Alexander the Great conquer Egypt?

Possible Answers:

second century BCE

ninth century BCE

fourth century BCE

fifth century BCE

seventh century BCE

Correct answer:

fourth century BCE

Explanation:

The conquests of Alexander the Great took place during the second-half of the fourth century BCE. Alexander the Great was a Macedonian conqueror from the Greek-speaking world. He conquered a vast empire stretching from Greece in the west all the way to the Indian subcontinent in the east. His conquest of the Persian Empire established Greek-rule in Egypt, a condition that would persist for three centuries until the Roman occupation.

Example Question #5 : Alexander's Conquer

Which line of Macedonian rulers established a Hellenistic kingdom in Egypt after the death of Alexander the Great?

Possible Answers:

The Ptolemaic dynasty

The Seleucid dynasty

The Attalid dynasty

The Antigonid dynasty

The Argead dynasty

Correct answer:

The Ptolemaic dynasty

Explanation:

The Ptolemaic Kingdom, founded by Alexander the Great's general Ptolemy I Soter, was the Egyptian state from 303 BCE until the Roman conquest in 30 BCE. While instituting a highly stratified society in which Greeks constituted the elites at the expense of native Egyptians, the Ptolemaic kings fashioned themselves as Egyptian Pharaohs and sought to bolster their legitimacy in the eyes of the Egyptian population through deep syncretism of the Greek and Egyptian religions. The Seleucid kingdom was based in Syria, Mesopotamia and Persia, the Antigonids ruled parts of Macedonia and parts of Anatolia at various times, the Attalids were the ruling dynasty of the city of Pergamon, and the Argead dynasty refers to the ruling line of Macedonia during the pre-Hellenistic period, from which Alexander the Great and his father Phillip II derived. 

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