Algebra II : Normal Distributions

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Algebra II

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Normal Distributions

The ages of the students at GW High School are normally distributed with a mean of  and a standard deviation of  years.

What is the proportion of students that are younger than  years old?

Possible Answers:

Not enough information to answer the question.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

This question relates to the  rule of normal distribution. We know that  of the data are within  standard deviations from the mean.

In this case this means that  of the students are between

 and  

 and 

 and 

Therefore we have  of the students that are outside of this range. Since the normal distribution is symmetric, the proportion of students below  is the same as the proportion of students above .

Thus the right answer is  or .

 

Example Question #2 : Normal Distributions

The scores for your recent english test follow a normal distribution pattern. The mean was a 75 and the standard deviation was 4 points. What percentage of the scores were below a 67?

Possible Answers:

7.5%

10%

2.5%

5%

Correct answer:

2.5%

Explanation:

Use the 68-95-99.7 rule which states that 68% of the data is within 1 standard deviation (in either direction) of the mean, 95% is within 2 standard deviations, and 99.7% is within 3 standard deviations of the mean.

In this case, 95% of the students' scores were between:

75-(2 x 4) and 75+(2 x 4)

or between a 67 and a 83, with equal amounts of the leftover 5% of scores above and below those scores. This would mean that 2.5% of the students scored below a 67% on the test.

Example Question #1 : Normal Distributions

Your class just took a math test. The mean test score was a 78 with a standard deviation of 2 points. With this being the case, 99.7% of the class scored between what two scores?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Use the 68-95-99.7 rule which states that 68% of the data is within 1 standard deviation (in either direction) of the mean, 95% is within 2 standard deviations, and 99.7% is within 3 standard deviations (in either direction) of the mean.

In this case, 99.7% of the students' scores were between 3 standard deviation above the mean and 3 standard deviations below the mean:

78-(2 x 3) and 78+(2 x 3)

or between a 72 and an 84. 

Example Question #2 : Normal Distributions

All of the following statements regarding a Normal Distribution are true except:

Possible Answers:

Between two graphs of normally-distributed data sets, the graph of the set with a higher standard deviation will be wider than the graph of the set with a lower standard deviation.

A graph of a normally-distributed data set is symmetrical.

The shape of the graph of a normally-distributed data set is dependent upon the mean and the standard deviation of the data set that it describes.

A graph of a normally-distributed data set will have a single, central peak at the mean of the data set that it describes.

All of these are true.

Correct answer:

All of these are true.

Explanation:

The graph of a normally-distributed data set is symmetrical.

The graph of a normally-distributed data set has a single, central peak at the mean of the data set that it describes.

The graph of a normally-distributed data set will vary based only upon the mean and the standard deviation of the set that it describes.

The graph of a normally-distributed data set with a higher standard deviation will be wider than the graph of a normally-distributed data set with a lower standard deviation.

The question asks us to find the statement that is not true; however, all statements are true so the correct response is "All of these are true."

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