Algebra II : Extrapolations

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Algebra II

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Extrapolations

What is the next number in this sequence: 8, 27, 64, 125 ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Find the pattern of the sequence:

This pattern is  so the next number in the sequence would be 

Example Question #2 : Extrapolations

Find the next 2 numbers in this sequence: 33, 46, 72, 111

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Find the pattern in this sequence of numbers:

In this case, the pattern is adding 13n to the previous number where n= how many numbers came before the current number.

 

so the first number we are looking for would be:

the second number we are looking for would be:

Example Question #3 : Extrapolations

The amount of water inside of a leaky boat is measured periodically after the boat has been in the water in different periods of time and are found to have a linear relationship. The results are given in the following chart:

Time in water (mins) Amount of water in the boat (gal)
0 0
6 4.8
19 15.2
28 22.4

 

Using the method of linear extrapolation based on the data from the table, how much water would you expect to be in the boat after 53 minutes?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To extrapolate the results of the study out to 53 minutes, first we have to determine an equation representing the relationship between time passed and amount of water; we can write our equation in slope-intercept form:

Where our y-axis represents amount of water and the x-axis represents time. We can pick 2 points and label them Point 1 and Point 2; looking back at the table:

Time in water (mins) Amount of water in the boat (gal)
0 0
6 4.8
19 15.2
28 22.4

We label Point 1 as  and Point 2 as ; we plug these points into the slope formula as follows:

So, the slope of our line that describes how much water is in the boat is ; to find our  term, the y-intercept, we need to pick a point on the graph and plug in our slope to solve for y-intercept. Let's once again choose the point :

Simplify the expression and we find that b=0, so our slope-intercept equation is:

Plugging in a value of 53 for , we find that:

So the answer is 42.4 gallons of water in the boat after 53 minutes.

 

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